Learning how to reference

Powerful Essays
Faculty of Health

Harvard-style Referencing Guidelines

Contents
Introduction
Citation and References
Confidentiality
Citing
Multiple Authors and et al.
Direct Quotations
References List and Appendices
Bibliography
Where to find the relevant details
Referencing…
a book an e-book a journal article
Secondary references
Chapters within edited books
Forum postings
Maintaining confidentiality of source material
Anonymous works
Government or Official Publications
Law Reports
Statistics
Internet and WWW publications
A home page
Moodle
Powerpoint
An example Reference List

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Introduction
The Harvard style (also known as the ‘author-date system’) is the most commonlyused style of referencing worldwide. Citing references is a way of letting your reader know where you found your information. It is standard academic practice and you must do this in all your assignments. We use the term "citing" as a quick way of referring to citing references, but there are actually two inter-related parts in the process. Citation
A citation is essentially a marker you put in your text to show that you are referring to a source, for example, you may have given a direct quotation or summarised the ideas from the source. The marker you use links to the reference.
Reference
A reference gives full details about a source you have cited in your text. References are listed, in alphabetical order, at the end of your assignment, before any appendices.
Referencing is an essential part of academic scholarship, and ethical values demand that authors identify the sources used in their work.
You are referencing in order to:


Acknowledge an intellectual debt to another author where you have drawn from his or her published work or ideas, either explicitly or implicitly.



To support specific facts or claims which you make in your text.



To enable your reader



Citations: In text: This injection policy was apparently not followed in other clinical areas (Anonymous, 2006). In Reference List: ANONYMOUS. (2006). A third of needlestick injuries easily avoidable, expert says treatment of Christopher Clunis. Cmnd. 9543, London: HMSO (Ritchie report). DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH (2004). Home Oxygen Therapy Service: Service Specifications

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