R1a – How does the health and wellbeing of people with learning disabilities compare with that of the general population who do not have learning disabilities? There is more chance of a person with learning disabilities being less health that someone who does not have a learning disability. There are several reasons for this but it starts as a child and continues into adulthood for people with learning disabilities. Children with learning disabilities have between 2.5 and 4.5 more chance of poorer health than children without learning disabilities. In addition people with learning disabilities have a greater chance of dying younger and there is also a higher risk of early death. Some conditions that cause learning disabilities are inherited and can result in ill health from birth. Due to poor education and a lack of understanding, people with learning disabilities may live a less heathy lifestyle with a poor diet and less exercise that people without learning disabilities which will also contribute to ill health. There is also a chance that someone with a learning disability will not get the same access to healthcare or regular health checks. 1b – Outline what you understand by the rights based approach to accessing healthcare. A rights based approach to accessing healthcare is internationally recognised and means that everyone, regardless of personal circumstances or disability should have access to healthcare. There are two important documents that back this up from the World Health Organisation (WHO) constitution stating that everyone has the “fundamental” human right to have the best standards of health. In addition the Human Rights Act 1998 has two articles that also suggest this to be true with the right to life and the right to not be “subject to inhumane treatment” which directly links to the right to receive healthcare. We also have the National Health Service which was founded in 1948 to provide free healthcare in UK. Finally there is the relatively new act of parliament called the Equality Act (2010) which declares that people with disabilities should not be discriminated against and have equal access to healthcare. From these rights it is clear that people with learning disabilities should have free and equal access to healthcare regardless of (dis)ability or level of understanding. 2 – Identify three acts of parliament which support the rights of people with learning disabilities to access healthcare. 1 - The Human Rights Act 1998 has two articles that also suggest this to be true with the right to life and the right to not be “subject to inhumane treatment” which directly links to the right to receive healthcare.
2 - The National Health Service Act 1946 to provide free healthcare in UK.
3 - The Equality Act (2010) which declares that people with disabilities should not be discriminated against and have equal access to healthcare. 3a – Which act of parliament requires health care services to make reasonable adjustments to ensure that people with learning disabilities have equal access to services? This is the Equality Act which replaced four other pieces of legislation including the Disability Discrimination Act. This made it illegal to act in a discriminatory way towards people with learning disabilities and that healthcare provides would have to make reasonable adjustments to make acces to healthcare fair and equal to all including people with disabilities. 3b – Describe an example of a “reasonable adjustment” which might enable someone with learning disabilities to have fair and equal access to healthcare. Reasonable adjustments are when changes or modifications are made to allow everyone access to somewhere or something like healthcare. A good example would be to provide the information in a format to enable the person with learning disabilities to understand information relating to their health so they can make an informed decision. This can be simplified information, use of...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document