xxLEARNING AND MEMORY
Learning is the process of gaining knowledge or skills through study, experience or teaching. It is a process that depends on experience and leads to long-term changes in the possible behaviour of an individual in a given situation, in order to achieve a goal.
Memory is a property of the human mind. It describes the ability to retain information. There are different types of classifications for memory based on duration, nature and retrieval of items.
The generally accepted classification of memory is based on how long you can remember an item or experience (memory retention), and identifies three types of memory: sensory memory, short-term memory, and long-term memory
The sensory memory corresponds approximately to the initial moment that an item is acknowledged. Some of this information in the sensory area proceeds to the sensory store, which is referred to as short-term memory. Sensory memory is defined by the duration of memory retention being from milliseconds to seconds and short-term memory from seconds to minutes. These stores generally have a strictly limited capacity and duration Information in the long-term memory or general store can be retained for months or years. This makes the store slightly more complex and generally memories stored here are split in to two groups declarative or explicit and procedural or implicit memories.
Declarative memory requires conscious recall, in that some conscious thought is required to call back the information. It is sometimes called explicit memory, since it consists of information that is explicitly stored and retrieved. Procedural memory is not based on the conscious recall of information, but on an implicit learning. Procedural memory is primarily associated in learning motor skills. It is revealed when we do better in a given task due to repetition - no new explicit memories have been formed, but we are unconsciously accessing aspects of those previous experiences.
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