Leadership styles and personality traits in relation to ethical values Leadership Styles and Personality Traits in Relation to Ethical Values The central question in this paper is ‘Which personality traits of leadership styles correspond to ethical values in order to influence individuals?’ In order to answer this question, the first paragraph will explain different leadership styles and personality traits. The second paragraph draws attention to the several approaches on ethical values. The third paragraph combines leadership styles, personality traits and ethical values so the different concepts and approaches can be linked to one another. Hence, it will become clear why the morality of the means, together with openness to experience and agreeableness, are the most important aspects to convince individuals of ethical values. Leadership styles and personality traits
The past two decades attention has been drawn on transactional leadership and transformational leadership, each having its own typical traits. Transactional leadership is often considered as contingent and based on the exchange and bargains between the leader and subordinate or follower.1 This leadership style aims at controlling and monitoring its subordinates in a rational way and economic fashion. In contrast to transactional leadership, transformational leaders rise above leader – subordinate relationships by influencing others through charisma, inspiration and stimulation. It seeks for a higher consequence, in favor of a collective mission, vision and purpose.2 Bono and Judge researched the relation between transactional leadership and the Five Factor Model (FFM) in order to examine which characteristics are most common for each leadership style. The FFM included 5 traits, namely: extraversion, neuroticism, concept of openness, agreeableness and conscientious. 3 Event tough Bono and Judge admit the research they have done may not be the best way to discover the personality antecedents of...
References: Bono, J. and Judge, T. (2004) Personality and Transformational and Transactional Leadership: a Meta-Analysis. In Journal of Applied Psychology Vol. 89, No.5, 901-910. American Psychological Association
Groves, K. and LaRocca, M (2011) An Empirical Study of Leaer Ethical Values, Transformation and Transactional Leadership, and Follower Attitudes Toward Corporate Social Responsibility. In Journal of Business Ethics 103:511-528. Springer
Hood, J. (2003) The Relationship of Leadership Style and CEO Values to Ethical Practicees in Organizations. In Journal of Business Ethics 43:263-273. Kluwer Academic Publishers
Lim, B and Ployhart, R. (2004) Transformational Leadership: Relations to the Five-Factor Model and Team Performance in Typical and Maximum contexts. In Journal of Applied Psychology Vol. 89, No. 4, 610-621. American Psychological Association
Please join StudyMode to read the full document