According to Carlin Val and Jess Kemp (2012), Leadership style nowadays generally fall into three categories, 1) Autocratic leadership, which means the leader will solve the problems and make the decisions, group member only responsible for execution. 2) Democratic leadership, which means the leader would consult the group when encounter issues, and consider group member’s suggestions, but the group still need leader’s final word for execution. 3) Laissez-faire leadership, which the leader expect group member could solve problems on their own without too much guidance. Team could make decisions without leader’s final word.
However, there are other methods to categorize leadership style. Bernard M. Bass (1990) divide leadership style into two categories, transformational leader and transactional leader. Transformational leader depend on her personal charisma, inspiration, gives personal attention to team member and treats them individually. On the other hand, transactional leader tend to exchange rewards for efforts and good performances, only intervenes when deviations occurs, and tend to avoid responsibilities.
The two theories above both make sense from certain perspective, however, because a group or a team always very unique compare with other groups, it is almost imposable to find one exact leadership style that fit the group best and satisfy all group members. The best strategy for the leader is to keep a dynamic leadership style, changes to fit different group and different situation (Carlin & Jess, 2012). In addition, leaders in the real world are way more complicated than theories, most of them cannot be fit exactly in one type of leadership style, they often has characteristics from different leadership style categories and sometimes they may change in different period during a project.
Leadership style also very important when a team encounter conflicts, such as disagreeing of the decisions made during the project, unsatisfied with the work...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document