Every group has a leader, in some groups there is only one, where as in others there are a few. Leaders are picked in many different ways, some are chosen because they have a high ranking position within the organization or company, some are voted in, others emerge because they are more outspoken and some are just good at "Rock, Paper, Scissors". Either way, the leadership role is vital to the success of the group. Leadership was actually the topic of research at one time and researchers found that there are basically four different approaches.
1. The Traits Approach: A born leader, the kind of person that Donald Trump is looking for in "The Apprentice". They naturally possess the traits of a leader some of which are intelligence, self-confidence, accountability, dependability, decisiveness and sociability. The only problem with this approach is that there is more than one formula for leadership. In the videogame industry, a leader would be youthful, creative, energetic and humorous, but for a medical research team, being older, more serious and experienced would be more fitting.
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The Functional Approach focuses on what the leader should do in certain situations, which includes setting goals, giving direction and summarizing the group's progress.
3. The Transformational Approach depicts a transformational, visionary or charismatic leader who builds up the group members so that in the end the task is accomplished and they also emerge as more empowered individuals. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was a transformational