Leadership in nursing is an important role that facilitates the delivery of successful nursing care and patient satisfaction in the medical field. In every work atmosphere, there are always leaders and followers. Both contribute to building a safe and effective workplace. The leaders motivate staff members and inspire them to work up to a particular goal, while the followers are guided by the nursing leaders. There are a few different leadership styles, some good and some bad, which may determine the impact a particular leader may have in the work place (Marquis & Huston 2011). Problem solving and decision making are important factors in effectiveness of a nursing leader. Both qualities are important in management and can contribute to successful motivation of staff members in their everyday work. Creating and maintaining a motivating work climate is another important factor in nursing leadership. Staff members will work towards a goal more actively if they are continuously motivated in a positive manner. Delegation and conflict management are two other qualities important in effective nursing leadership. Without these qualities, the end result will not be as successful as expected. In the discussion presented here, the leadership styles and competencies of Tiffany, an exemplary nurse leader, will be explained.
Leadership Behavior Observation and Reaction Assignment
A leader is someone who guides or directs others in pursuing a shared goal, while inspiring them to work in an ethical way. Leaders in nursing need to have specific qualities in order to be successful. These qualities include dedication, integrity, responsibility, energy, and experience. Nurses who enjoy teaching, sharing their knowledge, working as a team, and maintaining a great standing with management are more likely to be successful. According to Downey, Parslow and Smart (2011), nursing leaders can help with understaffing, patient safety, retention of nurses, and job satisfaction. Embracing nurse leaders in every hospital could be a major asset to nursing care and patient satisfaction and safety in the workplace. In the discussion which follows, the leadership styles and exemplary leadership skills of Tiffany, a nurse leader and manager, will be described.
Primary Leadership Styles
I have worked on the same unit for two years, with many of the same nurses. This has helped me determine specific nurses, who have become, or act as nursing leaders. One in particular, Tiffany, is a strong nurse; she is responsible, and respected by all staff and patients. She is driven, motivated, and very reliable. She has every quality a nurse leader should have. Tiffany has been a nurse for four years, yet has the knowledge and confidence of an expert nurse. Many nurses I work with feel extremely comfortable seeking the answers to their questions from Tiffany, as well as advice in any situation. I would say she is one of the most respected nurses on our unit. I believe Tiffany’s primary leadership style is authoritative leadership. Authoritative leaders are decision makers who are experienced and very qualified in their work. Although authoritative leaders can be critical of other’s opinions and rarely let others take control, they are strong resources and produce action when it is needed (Marquis & Huston 2011). Tiffany has many of these qualities, and certainly produces action when needed.
In addition to the primary leadership styles that have been identified by various theorists, nursing leadership may also be categorized as transactional and transformational. I would categorize Tiffany’s authoritative leadership style as transformational. Transformational leaders inspire those they work with to excel for the sake of the organization, and in doing so, ultimately transform the staff into a hard working team (Marquis & Huston 2011). One of the negative qualities transformational leaders have is that...
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