Leadership and Management Styles
In today’s workplace, it has become increasingly important to develop leadership and management styles which are effective and productive. Leadership is finding a balance between getting the job done and working well with others. Additionally, excellent leadership depends upon establishing a management style which yields the best results in any given circumstance. The definition of leadership varies upon the situation; however, great productivity begins with good leadership and management styles. In this paper, I will define and discuss the meaning of leadership, identify the different types of management styles and identify the benefits and/or drawbacks to each. Leadership has been defined in several ways throughout the years. According to the textbook, leadership is the “process of inspiring, influencing, and guiding others to participate in a common effort. To encourage participation, leaders supplement any authority and power they possess with their personal attributes, visions, and social skills” (Kreitner 2008). Many hold fast to the belief that there is no such thing as a born leader, and leadership is an acquired trait that begins early in childhood. For example, some children develop a take-charge attitude; some children are able to make friends easily, while others are just content to be a part of something. As time goes on, a leader’s way of thinking and personality is shaped by his or her education, jobs and life experiences. According to an article excerpted from Wall Street Journal, leadership is “less about your needs, and more about the needs of the people and organization you are leading. Leadership styles are not something to be tried on like so many suits to see which fits. Rather, they should be adapted to the particular demands of the situation, the particular requirements of the people involved and the particular challenges facing the organization” (Leadership Styles-Management 2014). In other words, an effective leader has to be flexible and able to change his or her style of leadership to suit changing circumstances. Although there is no single correct management leadership style, the best is the one which meets the challenges and needs of the people who are being led. In the article entitled “8 Common Leadership Styles,” Rhea Blanken outlines eight leadership styles as follows: charismatic, innovative, command and control, laissez-faire, pace setter, servant, situational and transformational. Each has its strengths and weaknesses in terms of management and leadership. As previously stated, one of the many types of leadership styles is charismatic. A charismatic leader inspires and motivates others through the power of their personality. Oftentimes, charismatic leaders spur others to action and motivate them to move forward because of the passion and enthusiasm they exhibit. Oprah Winfrey is an example of a charismatic leader. Literally, one word from Oprah Winfrey “can move the stock market and social issues for the better” (Blanken 2013). Although charismatic leaders inspire, motivate and raise the morale of the team, there exists a major weakness to this type of leadership. Unfortunately, charismatic leaders often focus on themselves and their own ambitions. Some even may believe that he or she “can do no wrong, even when others warn them about the path that they’re on. This feeling of invincibility can severely damage a team or organization” (Leadership Styles 2014). Another leadership style used by management is innovative. This type of leadership style usually creates a work environment that encourages the workers to apply innovative thinking to solve problems develop new products and services. Also, an innovative leader can grasp the entire situation and go beyond the usual course of action by seeing what is not working and bringing new thinking and action into play. Richard Branson is an example of an innovative...
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Leadership Styles. (2014). Retrieved from http://www.mindtools.com.
Leadership Styles-Management. (2014). Retrieved from http://guides.wsj.com/management/
Magloff, L. Types of Management Leadership Styles. (2014). Retrieved from http://smallbusiness.chron.
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