Leadership Analysis - Napoleon

Topics: Leadership, Charismatic authority, First French Empire Pages: 8 (2678 words) Published: April 29, 2010
LB5208:03 Leadership in Contemporary Organization

Assignment: Leadership Profile


Fabien SRAUY

Table of Content
2.Description of Napoleon3
2.1.Napoleon’s Origins3
2.2.His Political Career4
2.3.Master of War5
3.Charismatic Leadership Theory7
4.The Path-Goal Theory10
5.Napoleon Leadership Analysis11
5.1.Napoleon’s Charismatic leadership11
5.2.Path-Goal theory12

Talking about Leadership and leaders, many names can be mentioned. But one of the great leaders who have marked Europe and a large part of the world is Napoleon Bonaparte. To understand the impact he had on the modern world you just have to look around, mainly in France. All the typical architecture of Paris was designed by the Baron Haussmann originated by Napoleon himself and the main evidence of his legacy is the Napoleonic code which is still a fundamental text of the French law. Concerning his code Napoleon said: “My true glory is not to have won 40 battles… Waterloo will erase the memory of so many victories. … But… what will live forever is my Civil Code .” This code has is still enforced in a quarter of the world’s jurisdiction including Europe, the Americas and Africa. His story still fascinates many people all around the world.

2.Description of Napoleon
2.1.Napoleon’s Origins
Napoleon Bonaparte was born in Ajaccio on August 15th in1769, just one year after the treaty of Versailles which transferred Corsica from the Republic of Genoa to France. He was born into a noble family, his father, Carlo Maria Buonaparte, was Corsica’s representative to the court of Louis XVI in 1777. Thanks to his family’s connections, he was admitted to the military academy of Paris where he already showed good skills to command.

2.2.His Political Career
On November 19th, 1799, Napoleon, helped by his brother Lucien Bonaparte (speaker of the Council of Five Hundred), Tailleyrand, Ducos and Sieyès (members of the directory), organised a coup to overthrow the constitutional government. He first intended to initiate a parliamentary takeover but due to a tactless speech he was accused to be an outlaw by the Council of Five Hundred and threaten to be imprisoned. To rescue him, his brother, Lucien, called the guards pretending that members of the Council are trying to stab Napoleon and turned, in fact, the coup into a military turnover. The French Consulate was then created and Napoleon together with Ducos and Sieyès were elected provisional Consuls of France. During that time, Ducos totally supported Napoleon whereas Sieyès did not want to let Napoleon have full powers but Napoleon manoeuvre in order to get the Constitution of the Year VIII voted which ensured Napoleon to be designated First Consul, the most powerful in France. Sieyès was then relegated to simply President of the Senate. As the First Consul of France, Napoleon reformed many institutions like education, the territorial organisation centralising administration, the banking system creating the Bank of France. He also increased his power by imposing the Constitution of the Year X which first article was: “The French people name and the Senate proclaims Napoleon-Bonaparte First Consul for Life .” Because of that Napoleon had to face royalist and Jacobin plots but that will actually help him to become emperor. In fact, he proposed to the senate to become emperor to prevent the Bourbon family (former rulers of France) to have the possibility to gain the throne again and to preserve the principles of the French Revolution. The Senate finally accepted in 1804 and Napoleon became the first emperor of France. Now Emperor, Napoleon invaded Germany and Austria to dissolute the Holy Roman Empire and, after he won the battle at Austerlitz in 1805 against the Russian and Austrian armies, he created the Confederation of the Rhine which he was named its Protector....
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