The purpose of this assignment is to discuss about the understanding of leadership and mentoring. Throughout this assignment, you will know the definition, characteristic, theories, benefit and effect of leadership and mentoring.
Leadership since the early days has been of interest of people gathering together in group to achieve goals. Leadership is defined as the action of leading a group of people or an organization and someone who have high influence towards a group of people to achieve goals. According to Kelly-Heidenthal (2004) leadership is the ability to provide direction toward desired future aspirations and aligns the followers toward goals accomplishment. According to Batten (1989) leadership are a purpose of knowing yourself, having a vision that is well communicated, building trust among employees and taking effective measures to realize your own potential leadership. Bill Gates definition of leadership is to be willing to make decision because that is it’s the most important of part of being a leader. According to the author of ‘Trust in Leadership’ he stated that leaders have been argued to play a key role in determining organizational effectiveness across all levels. (Burke, 2000)
1.2 Definition and Models
Leadership models are not something to be tried on like suits, to see which one fits. Rather, they should be adapted to the specific demands of the situation, the specific requirements of the people involved and the particular challenges facing the organization. There are many theories and approaches had been developed by the professionals to further study about leadership.
1.2.1 Trait Theory
According to Gomez (2008) the trait theory was explained that leadership is born with inherited traits such as height, intelligence, fluency and others which particularly suited to leadership. However, this approach began turning to behavioral approach after the theorists realized the effective leader can be train for those who aspire and put their efforts to be effective leader in the leadership role. (Gomez-Mejia, Balkin, Cardy, 2008)
1.2.2 Blake and Moulton Managerial Grid
In 1960s, Robert Blake and Jane Moulton proposed a graphic portrayal of leadership styles through a managerial grid and it is being called as leadership grid. This theory is regarded as one of the first attempts to describe appropriate leadership behavior. Figure 1: Managerial grid
The managerial grid is according on two behavioral dimensions which are concern for people and concern for production. (Lussier & Achua, 2007)
Country Club Management (1,9)
This style has a high concern about group members but low concern to the production. The leaders are more likely focus on group members need and interpersonal relationship. The leaders also will treat them as equal, do the favor from them. Such leaders focus on personal and social needs of followers and pay little attention on the follower’s productivity. (Nancy Borkowski.2011) Impoverished Management (1,1)
The leader with this style is most ineffective, they exerts minimal effort and have low concern to his/ her group members satisfaction or tasks. The end result is a place of dissatisfaction, disorganization and disharmony. Middle of the Road Management (5,5)
The leader is a compromiser who is concern about performance and concern for people. Leaders do not necessarily gives away a bit of each concern so that neither group member’s needs nor production are meets. Produce and Perish Leadership (9,1)
With high concern for productivity, but low concern to the people; the leaders whose is applying with this style are concern about the productivity more than group member’s needs. This kind of leader is very autocratic where they have strict policies, work rules, and procedures. This leader thinks that punishments are the most effective way to motivate followers. (Hall et al) Team Management...
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