“Leadership is an art of getting someone else to do something you want done because he wants to do it.” Dwight D.Eisenhower. In the majority of companies around the world, management is playing a very important role in controlling and keeping everything on its track. A manager is assigned with the power and responsibility to manage a project which can be the key to develop his company. So, a manager is sometimes considered as a leader who takes care of managing and leading his team to accomplish the goals. So, there may be no differences between management and leadership, which makes students misunderstand and have some confuse when deciding which kind of major they should pursue. Leadership is a new program which has been added in universities in the last few decades. Thus, there exist some ambiguities in leadership major. By studying this program, students can be successful with their master degree in leadership dynamics. Throughout the history of the leadership development, there are many ways to define what leadership is, but there is no common definition of leadership yet. In Bass’s study, he suggested that some scholars considered leadership as the focus of group processes (Northhouse, 2013). It means that a leader is the most important individual of a group, team who represents for the team’s spirit. Another way of leadership definition assumes from trait perspective, which states that leadership is a set of prominent characteristics that some special people own. These characteristics allow those people to command others in their group to get jobs done. Despite a wide variety of ways in which leadership has been defined, the following components can be identified to get involved in all activities of groups or teams: leadership is a process; leadership involves influence; leadership occurs in groups; leadership involves common goals. Derived on these components, Northouse (2013) assumes that “leadership is a process whereby an individual influences a group of individuals to achieve a common goal”. Defining leadership as a process means that leadership does not focus on trait perspective that some special individuals possess, but rather an interaction that happens between the leaders and subordinates. Process underlines that leaders affect and are affected by their subordinates, which means that leadership is a two-way communication and an interactive event Leadership involves influence. That indicates how the leader affects the others. Influence is the most important factor of leadership. Leadership does not exist in a group or team without influence. Leadership occurs in a group of people. Nobody can be seen a leader if he does have any followers. So group is necessary for leadership to occur. Leadership is related to influencing a group of people who have the same goals. This can be a small group, a large group, a company or even a country. Leadership is about one individual influencing a group of his followers to get their jobs done. Leadership turns to a common goal. Leaders pay their attention to his subordinates who are trying their best to get achievement on something together. Common means that the leader and his subordinates have a same purpose. In a group, if everyone has their own goal, they will not be able to work together and the tasks will not be done. Although leadership is considered as a new theory and practice, it has become more important in many aspects of life. A company will become stronger if there is effective leadership within it. Children will grow up strongly and healthy, and become more productive citizens for their community if they are taught by the effective leadership of their parents. If leadership does not exist, the effectiveness and the development do not exist in any organizations as well because people do not know how to work with each other. As defined above, leadership is a process by which a leader influences the thoughts, attitudes, and behaviors toward his...
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