BUS 211X : ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT
The difference between successful and unsuccessful organizations is the presence or absence of dynamic and effective leadership. The function of management is being viewed as not simply a set of practices and policies, but a crucial component in the total organization strategy. To play its role of enabling the organization gain and sustain competitive advantage, all managers have to play a leadership role especially in the present business environment which is getting increasingly flexible, innovative and dynamic.
Leadership is a concept that has generated much interest among academics and practicing managers, politicians and sociologists among others. In this lecture we shall examine some key aspects of leadership. To do so the following set of objectives will be the main focus.
Define and explain the meaning of leadership.
Explain the nature and importance of leadership.
Explain the difference between a leader and a manager
Identify and distinguish among the various research approaches to leadership.
Identify and discuss the various theories of leadership.
Explain the importance of leadership styles to management.
WHAT IS LEADERSHIP?
Leadership is an important aspect of management and the ability to lead is one of the keys to being an effective manager. The difference between success and failure whether in war, business, a protest movement or a soccer game can be attributed largely to leadership.
A large number of definitions can be found in the literature e.g.
Leadership is the art or process of influencing people so that they will strive willingly and enthusiastically toward achievement of group goals.
Leadership is the ability of management to induce or spur subordinates to work towards group goals with confidence and keenness.
Leadership is the ability of a person to influence the thoughts