Leaders of the States Rights Debate
At one time States rights were a very controversial topic. If the State didn’t believe that a federal law was Constitutional should they be obligated to obey? That was one of the many questions frequently asked at that time. We now know what the outcome of State Rights is, but not many people know how it came to be. In this essay I will be telling you the biography of John Calhoun, Henry Clay, Robert Hayne, Andrew Jackson, and Daniel Webster and there role on the outcome of States Rights.
John C. Calhoun was born in 1782, in Abbville County, South Carolina of which was to the fourth child of Patrick Calhoun and his wife Martha Caldwell. When John turned 17 years old he quit school to work on the family farm because his father had become ill. With the help of his brother that was financially able help, John earned a degree from Yale College in 1804. After studying Law at Tapping Reeve Law School in Litchfield Connecticut he was admitted to South Carolina bar in 1807. He won his first election in 1810, were he was immediately leader of the War Hawks, and this is when he was acting chairman of the powerful committee on foreign affairs. Also in 1817 he was appointed Secretary of War. At this point in time is where he built his reputation as a leading American politician and political theorist during the first half of the 19th century. He built his reputation on his beliefs for slavery and minority rights. In 1811 John married and had 10 children over the next 18 years, he attend church with his wife whom was Episcopalian and he was a member of Souls Unitarian Church. He was often caught between the two religions most of his life. John became the seventh vice president of the United States in 1825 and ended his term in 1832. He considered running for 2nd term of Vice President before his death in 1850. He was touched by the great awakening in the South.
Henry Clay was born on April 12, 1777, in Hanover County, Virginia. Henry was the seventh of nine children of the Reverend John Clay and Elizabeth Clay. His father died four year later and his mother a widower remarried and his stepfather Capt. Henry Watkins moved them to Richmond, Virginia. His stepfather secured Clay employment in the office of the Virginia Court of Chancery; there he became friends with George Wythe, who chose Clay as his secretary, After Clay was employed as Wythe's amanuensis for four years, the chancellor took an active interest in Clay's future; he arranged a position for him with the Virginia attorney general, Robert Brooke. Clay read law by working and studying with Wythe. Clay was admitted to the bar to practice law in 1797. After beginning his law career, on April 11, 1799, Clay married. Clay and his wife had eleven children. In November 1797, Clay relocated to Lexington, Kentucky. Clay owned a productive 600-acre plantation. Clay's most notable client was Aaron Burr in 1806, after the US District Attorney indicted him for planning an expedition into Spanish Territory west of the Mississippi River. Clay and his law partner John Allen successfully defended Burr. Although not old enough to be elected, Clay was appointed a representative of Fayette County in the Kentucky General Assembly. As a legislator, Clay advocated a liberal interpretation of the state's constitution and initially the gradual emancipation of slavery in Kentucky. Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun helped to pass the Tariff of 1816 as part of the national economic plan Clay called "The American System. Clay's American System ran into strong opposition from President Jackson's administration. In 1820 a dispute erupted over the extension of slavery in Missouri Territory. Clay helped settle this dispute by gaining Congressional approval for a plan called the "Missouri Compromise". It brought in Maine as a Free State and Missouri as a slave state. By 1824 sought the office of president, Because of the unusually large number of...
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