Leaders and Legislation of the Civil Rights and Black Power Movement

Topics: Martin Luther King, Jr., Rosa Parks, African American Pages: 3 (856 words) Published: May 11, 2008
Leaders and Legislation of the Civil Rights and Black Power Movements

Identify leaders of the Civil Rights and Black Power movements and their contributions to their respective causes. How did these social pioneers forge the way for this important ratification? What legislation was relevant during these critical times?

Part I

Complete the following matrix by identifying 7 to 10 leaders or legislative events from both the Civil Rights and Black Power movements. The first leader is provided as a model.

Leader and Associated Legislation, if anyDate(s)LContribution A. Philip Randolph1941Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, which fought DiscriminationHis threat to march on Washington to protest discriminatory treatment caused former President Franklin D. Roosevelt to react with new policies on job discrimination. Thurgood MarshallMay 17, 1954NAACP attorney and later the nation’s first Supreme Court black justice (Brunner & Haney, 2007, ¶ 1).Thurgood Marshall was the attorney for the NAACP in the case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, that went before the Supreme Court (Brunner & Haney, 2007, ¶ 1). The court unanimously concluded that segregation in public educational facilities is unconstitutional. The case opened the door for the desegregation process to begin (Brunner & Haney, 2007). Rosa Parks

December 1, 1955NAACP MemberRosa refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white person so she was placed under arrest(Brunner & Haney, 2007, ¶ 3).. Because of this incarceration, the African American people imposed sanctions on bus transportation until the buses were desegregated Dec. 21, 1956 (Brunner & Haney, 2007). Martin Luther King Jr. 1956-1968Southern Christian Leadership Conference cofounder and Civil Rights Leader. Mr. King was not just a civil rights leader he was the creator of civil disobedience organizing civil protests, marches, boycotts, and voter registration (Brunner, 2007, ¶ 4). Daisy Bates and The Little Rock...

References: Brunner, B. (2007). Civil rights heroes. Retrieved October 3, 2007, from www.infoplease.com/spot/bhmheroes1.html
Brunner, B., & Haney, E. (2007). Civil rights timeline. Retrieved October 2, 2007, from www.infoplease.com/spot/civilrightstimeline1.html
Infoplease (2007). Carmichael, stokely. The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed, . Retrieved October 3, 2007, from www.infoplease.com/ce6/people/A0810493.html
Stanford University (2007). March against fear. Retrieved October 3, 2007, from http://www.stanford.edu/group/King/about_king/encyclopedia/marchagainstfear.htm
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