Lawmaking Process

Topics: Civil society, Government, Policy Pages: 25 (6903 words) Published: November 7, 2011
A D V O C A C Y EXPERT SERIES

CIVIL SOCIETY AND A D V O C A C Y

A D V O C A C Y EXPERT
CIVIL SOCIETY AND A D V O C A C Y

Developed by
Pact Tanzania

Supported by
USAID/Tanzania

Cover Photos
Dan Craun-Selka and Mwanzo Milinga

Design, layout and Illustrations by
Josh Agukoh

Table of Contents
Aknowledgements Introduction 1. Public Participation 2.The Role of Civil Society What is Civil Society? Types of Civil Society Organizations that may be involved in advocacy work

i ii 2 4
4 4

3. What is Advocacy?
Other Definitions of Advocacy Factors of effective Advocacy Advocacy cycle Problem Identification Research Planning: Goals and Objectives Indicators Targets Activities Advocacy Campaign Action Plan Building Alliances Act Monitoring and Evaluation The Monitoring Process Evaluating

6
7 8 9 10 11 12 12 13 14 15 15 16 17 18 19 19

4. Communication with Elected Officials
Who is a leader Elected leaders Procedures to Communicate with Elected leaders Means of Communicating Member of Parliament Ward Councillors Village Chairperson and Village/Street/Neighborhood Chairperson Village/Street/Neighborhood Chairperson

20
20 20 20 21 22 22 22 23

Glossary of Terms

30

Acknowledgements
From January 2002 to September 2005, Pact Tanzania implemented the Tanzania Advocacy Partnership Program (TAPP). The TAPP, funded by USAID/Tanzania. A comprehensive capacity strengthening program for Tanzanian civil society organizations with the goal of building the capacity of the CSOs to conduct advocacy programs effectively. Pact Tanzania partnered with 42 CSOs representing a wide variety of constituencies and stakeholders. It is out of the work with these groups that the Advocacy Expert Series was conceived and created. The Series consists of 6 Manuals: Policy and Law Making in Tanzania Civil Society and Advocacy Media Guide Building and Maintaining Networks and Coalitions Community Mobilization Gender Mainstreaming These manuals can be used separately, but together, form a comprehensive resource on conducting advocacy in Tanzania. The materials have been adapted from a variety of sources and these are referenced in the back of each manual. Many thanks goes to those staff members that spent many hours in the development and editing of the series - Josh Agukoh, Dan Craun-Selka, Jamillah Mwanjisi, Nora Pendaeli, Grace Muro, Lilian Badi, Theo Macha, and Mbelwa Gabagambi. Pact Tanzania would like to recognize the assistance and contributions of Dan Spealman from Pact headquarters and the Tanzania Media Women Association to the Media Guide. We thank Dr. Konjit Fekade and Phyllis Craun-Selka for producing the first Gender Mainstreaming manual. We acknowledge the contributions of illustrator Nathan Mpangala and photographer Mwanzo Millanga for their art work. Pact Tanzania recognizes the staff of Pact in Cambodia and Ethiopia, whose early manuals and guides provided the inspiration to creating the Advocacy Expert series. Pact also thanks the Lawyers Environmental Action Team (LEAT) for the development of the original Legislative Roadmap Manuals, which inspired two of the Advocacy Expert manuals. The manuals' production was funded by the United States Agency for International Development/Tanzania. We dedicate these manuals to Tanzanian Civil Society Organizations, who play a crucial role in the development of this beautiful country. i

Introduction
This manual on Advocacy and Civil Society was adapted from Pact Tanzania's Legislative Roadmap: A Guide for Civil Society Organizations in Tanzania, Part Two. The information presented in this guide book has been collected from a number of sources and grew out Pact's experience in implementing the Tanzania Advocacy Partnership Program (TAPP). The production of this material was a participatory process with representatives from civil society in Tanzania. These representatives played an active role in the testing of the material. This manual outlines ways that...
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