Law - Tort

Topics: Tort, Tort law, Duty of care Pages: 20 (7520 words) Published: December 6, 2014
HOGESCHOOL UTRECHT

Law
Chapter 4 Tort

Tort
Contents
1)

2)

Introduction .......................................................................................................................................... 2 1.1)

Tort and Crime .............................................................................................................................. 2

1.2)

Tort and Contract .......................................................................................................................... 2

1.3)

Types of Tort ................................................................................................................................. 2

1.4)

Function and Purpose of Tort ....................................................................................................... 2

Tort of Negligence ................................................................................................................................. 3 2.1) Definition ........................................................................................................................................... 3 2.2) Elements of the tort of negligence .................................................................................................... 3 2.2.1) Duty of care................................................................................................................................. 3 2.2.2) Breach of duty of care................................................................................................................. 4 2.2.3 Causation ..................................................................................................................................... 5 2.2.4) Actionable (allowable) injury ..................................................................................................... 9

3)

DEFENSES TO A NEGLIGENCE ACTION .................................................................................................. 9 3.1) Assumption of the risk ....................................................................................................................... 9 3.2) Contributory negligence (UK version).............................................................................................. 10 Baton Rouge Case ............................................................................................................................... 10

4)

STRICT LIABILITY IN TORT .................................................................................................................... 13 4.1) Strict liability .................................................................................................................................... 13 4.2) STRICT PRODUCT LIABILITY .............................................................................................................. 14 4.3) Regarding Attempts To Exclude Or Limit Liability ........................................................................... 16

Tort Questions ............................................................................................................................................ 17

1

1) Introduction
Many eminent lawyers have defined a tort, and the one most often quoted is that propounded by Professor P. H. Winfield as “A tortious liability arises from the breach of a duty primarily fixed by the law; such duty is towards persons generally and its breach is redressible by an action for unliquidated damages.’

To obtain a better understanding of the definition, it is preferential to compare a tort with other wrongs.

1.1) Tort and Crime
The distinction between a tort (which is a civil wrong) and a crime (which is a criminal wrong) is the nature of the remedy provided by the law. Criminal wrongs primarily have punishment as their aim. In contrast, the objective of proceedings in tort are; compensation and reparation. It should be remembered that...
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