law class

Good Essays
1. Similarly, Courts of Appeals in sexual harassment cases have properly drawn on standards developed in cases involving racial harassment. See, e.g., Carrero v. New York City Housing Auth., 890 F.2d 569, 577 (CA2 1989) (citing Lopez v. S. B. Thomas, Inc., 831 F.2d 1184, 1189 (CA2 1987), a case of racial harassment, for the proposition that incidents of environmental sexual harassment “must be more than episodic; they must be sufficiently continuous and concerted in order to be deemed pervasive”). Although racial and sexual harassment will often take different forms, and standards my not be entirely interchangeable, we think there is good sense in seeking generally to harmonize the standards of what amounts to actionable harassment.

2. It bears noting that many courts in non-Title VII cases have held sexual assaults to fall outside the scope of employment. See Note, “Scope of Employment” Redefined: Holding Employers Vicariously Liable for Sexual Assaults Committed by their Employees, 76 Minn. L. Rev. 1513, 1521—1522, and nn. 33, 34 (1992)(collecting cases).

3. We say “starting point” because our obligation here is not to make a pronouncement of agency law in general or to transplant §219(2)(d) into Title VII. Rather, it is to adapt agency concepts to the practical objectives of Title VII. As we said in Meritor Savings Bank, FSB v. Vinson, 477 U.S. 57, 72 (1986), “common-law principles may not be transferable in all their particulars to Title VII.”

4. We are bound to honor Meritor on this point not merely because of the high value placed on stare decisis in statutory interpretation, supra, at 13—14, but for a further reason as well. With the amendments enacted by the Civil Rights Act of 1991, Congress both expanded the monetary relief available under Title VII to include compensatory and punitive damages, see §102, 105 Stat. 1072, 42 U.S.C. § 1981a and modified the statutory grounds of several of our decisions, see §101 et seq. The decision of Congress to

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Law class

    • 769 Words
    • 4 Pages

    MNGT 3280 Spring, 2013 Yinye Wang What are the facts? What are the critical issues are you see them? What are the ethical implications of each possible alternative outcome the court could choose? Does the desire to patent this human gene violate important values? Is it that? Has the patenting process been fair in its application? Is more than one correct alternative? Which values are in conflict? Which of these seems more important to you? Can you find an alternative that would…

    • 769 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    ‘The law is an instrument of the ruling class.’ To what extent do sociological arguments and evidence support this view? (21 marks – 30mins) Traditional Marxists would argue that law making and law enforcement only serves the interests of the ruling class. Chambliss argued that laws to protect private property are the cornerstone of capitalist society. His argument was in regards to a case studied in Britain’s east African colonies. The British introduced a cash tax that if unpaid was a criminal…

    • 673 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Taxation Law: Class Notes

    • 21307 Words
    • 86 Pages

    TAXATION LAW & PRACTICE EXAM NOTES 2011 |PAGE INDEX | |Income |- Source |Page 3 | | |- Residency |Page 4 | | |- Dual Residents…

    • 21307 Words
    • 86 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Business Law Class Notes

    • 3272 Words
    • 14 Pages

    LIABILITY OF DIRECTORS A director plays a vital role in a corporate organization. They manage the business, design business policies and select the officers. Liability of the directors is a crucial aspect where a director is expected to be honest, vigilant and protect the shareholders trust in him. Shareholders own the corporation and elect the board of directors whose approval is required for major corporate actions. Liability comes into picture when directors or officers tend to cause financial…

    • 3272 Words
    • 14 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Class Contract Please answer the following questions by referring to your Syllabus. Submit your answers in a Word or PDF document and upload your answers in D2L in the Class Contract Assignment . 1. What is the official title of this course? Who is your instructor? Legal and Ethical Environment of Business Cristen Dutcher, J.D., 2. Is this an online course, or a face to face course? The course is online and face-to-face 3. Weekly assignments are mandatory. YES or NO…

    • 283 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    In Class

    • 321 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Name: Before class Activity Fill in your answers to this section, print off the page and turn it in prior to the start of class. Case Incident 2: Siemens’ Simple Structure - Not. 1. What do Kleinfeld’s efforts at Siemens tell you about the difficulties of restructuring organizations? People do not like to change, the really don’t like uncertainty, and anyone coming in to change things will be quickly disliked by the employees. 2. Why do you think Löscher’s…

    • 321 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Class

    • 1032 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Activity 4.1.3: Testing the Waters | Introduction Many chemicals dissolve in water because it is an excellent solvent. Once dissolved, these chemicals are not visible to the human eye. Therefore, many chemicals might be present in water without providing any visible evidence. Additionally, some substances can be present in very low concentrations and still cause health concerns. For these reasons, drinking water needs to be tested for contamination. A variety of chemical tests are used to detect…

    • 1032 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Class

    • 1516 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Front page: Certificate : Acknowledgement : Index : Aim: To study the growth in plants when mycorrihza is added and when it is not added and to observe and study the importance it has in our nature and life . Abstract: The arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis is a symbiotic association between plant roots and fungi. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) colonize roots and improve plant nutrition. This, in general results in a higher yield of the AM crop, especially in poor soils. Due to the fact…

    • 1516 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Class

    • 288 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Please use APA formatting for all writing assignments. – 2 SWOT Analysis McDonald's Strengths and Opportunities: Strong salespeople at the top of the organization Potential for more sales within the customer base is high Ways our company can reach its goals by capitalizing in areas in which the company can potentially grow or expand. A dedicated workforce and good managing are some advantages of company strengths. Selling our products worldwide our company is one of the most profitable fast…

    • 288 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    In Class

    • 475 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Herrick Foods Company wishes to introduce packaged trail mix as a new product. The ingredients for the trail mix are seeds, raisins, flakes, and two kinds of nuts. Each ingredient contains certain amounts of vitamins, minerals, protein and calories; the marketing department has specified the product be designed so that a certain minimum nutritional profile is met. The decision problem is to minimize the product cost and determine the product composition – that is, by the choosing the amount of each…

    • 475 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays