Latin I Final Exam Study Guide--Lingua Latina

Topics: Pronoun, Interrogative word, Relative pronoun Pages: 8 (690 words) Published: January 26, 2014
Latin I Final Exam Review
January 2014
Nouns
Nouns are modified by a_________________________. They have to match in c__________________, n________________________, and g____________________. The Cases are:
Nominative: This is the case that reflects the ___________________ of the sentence. Genitive: This is the case that reflects _________________________. It is translated using either the preposition ‘of’ or with an apostrophe ‘____’. Dative: The dative case communicates the i_______________ o________________ and can be translated with either ‘____’ or ‘_____.’ Accusative: The accusative case is used to indicate the ____________ ____________. It can also be used with some prepositions. Ablative: The ablative is used to communicate “______,” “_____,” or elements of time. It is also used with certain prepositions. Practice

Decline the 1st declension word, ‘puella.’

Sg.
Pl.
N.

G.

D.

Ac.

Ab.

Decline the 2nd declension word, ‘equus.’ What gender is this word? _________________________

Sg.
Pl.
N.

G.

D.

Ac.

Ab.

Decline the 2nd declension word, ‘atrium.’ What gender is this word? _________________________

Sg.
Pl.
N.

G.

D.

Ac.

Ab.

Prepositions
Know which prepositions are in the ablative, and which are in the accusative and how they are used. Fill in the definition of each preposition in the chart given: Ablative
Accusative
ā
ad
ab
ante
procul ab
apud
cum
circum
ex
inter
sine
per
in* in, on, at
post

prope

in* into, to, against

Prepositions in Latin can be used to talk about whether someone or something is going away from a place, or going toward a place. The accusative is used to talk about going _______________________. The ablative is used to talk about going ______________________.

Pronouns
Personal Pronouns
Review the Personal Pronouns by completing the following chart for is, ea, id, both singular and plural. Sg.
M
F
N
N

G

D

Ac

Ab

Pl.
M
F
N
N

G

D

Ac

Ab

How do you translate is, ea, id ? _______________ _____________________ ________________ Relative Pronouns
Review the Relative Pronouns by completing the following chart for quī, quae, quod, both singular and plural. Sg.
M
F
N
N

G

D

Ac

Ab

Pl.
M
F
N
N

G

D

Ac

Ab

How do you translate qui, quae, quod ? _______________ ______________ ____________ Interrogative Pronouns
Review the Relative Pronouns by completing the following chart for quid quae, quid both singular and plural. Sg.
M
F
N
N

G

D

Ac

Ab

Pl.
M
F
N
N

G

D

Ac

Ab

How do you translate quis, quae, quid ? _______________ ___________________ ________________

How do you know the difference between an interrogative pronoun and an relative pronoun? A relative pronoun will always have an a_______________________. An interrogative pronoun will not. An interrogative pronoun will ask a q___________________________.

Verbs
Thus far, you have learned these types of verbs:

Present Active Indicative
Present Passive Indicative
Present Active Infinitive
Present Active Imperative

1. A verb conjugation is how we describe how a verb __________________________________. 2. How many conjugations does Latin have? _____________________. 3. How can you tell what conjugation a verb is in? _________________________. 4. The form of the verb that we translate into English as ‘to be’ is called an ___________________. 5. To find the stem of the verb, we take the _________________(answer of #4!) and remove the “_ _”. 6. Each verb conjugation is ‘marked’ by a vowel. Identify which vowel marks which conjugation: a. 1st...
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