latin conjugating cheat sheet

Topics: Participle, Gerund, Romance languages Pages: 6 (1020 words) Published: April 27, 2015
ACTIVE VOICE – INDICATIVE MOOD

***Personal endings: -o/m, -s, -t, -mus, -tis, -nt***
PRESENT TENSE - present stem + special vowel + personal endings Translation: I “verb” - I am “verbing” - I do “verb” First conjugation vowel = a
Second Conjugation vowel = e
Third Conjugation vowel = i
Third Conjugation (io) = i
Fourth Conjugation vowel = i
IMPERFECT TENSE - present stem + special vowel + ba = m,s,t,mus,tis,nt Translation: I was “verbing” - I used to “verb” - I “verbed” First conjugation vowel = a
Second Conjugation vowel = e
Third Conjugation vowel = e
Third Conjugation (io) = ie
Fourth Conjugation vowel = ie
FUTURE TENSE - present stem (see below)
Translation: I shall/will “verb”
First conjugation = present stem + a + bo, bis, bit, bimus, bitis, bunt Second Conjugation = present stem + e + bo, bis, bit, bimus, bitis, bunt Third Conjugation = present stem + am, es, et, emus, etis, ent Third Conjugation (io) = present stem + iam, ies, iet, iemus, ietis, ient Fourth Conjugation = present stem + iam, ies, iet, iemus, ietis, ient

PERFECT TENSE - perfect stem + -i, -isti, -it, -imus, -istis, -erunt Translation: I “verbed” - I did “verb” - I have “verbed” PLUPERFECT TENSE - perfect stem + -eram, -eras, -erat, -eramus, -eratis, -erant Translation: I had “verbed”

FUTURE PERFECT - perfect stem + -ero, -eris, -erit, -erimus, -eritis, -​ erint
Translation: I shall/will have “verbed”

PASSIVE VOICE – INDICATIVE MOOD
****Personal endings: -r, -ris, -tur, -mur, -mini, -ntur**** PRESENT TENSE​
- present stem + special vowel + personal endings
Translation: I am “verbed” - I am being “verbed”
First conjugation vowel = a
Second Conjugation vowel = e
Third Conjugation vowel = i
Third Conjugation (io) = i
Fourth Conjugation vowel = i
IMPERFECT TENSE​
- present stem + special vowel + ba = personal endings
Translation: I was being “verbed - I used to be “verbed” First conjugation vowel = a
Second Conjugation vowel = e
Third Conjugation vowel = e
Third Conjugation (io) = ie
Fourth Conjugation vowel = ie
FUTURE TENSE​
- present stem + see below
Translation: I shall/will be “verbed”
First conjugation = present stem +a + bor, b​
e​
ris, bitur, bimur, bimini, buntur
Second Conjugation = present stem + e + bor, b​
e​
ris, bitur, bimur, bimini, buntur
Third Conjugation = present stem + ar, eris, etur, emur, emini, entur Third Conjugation (io) = present stem + iar, ieris, ietur, iemur, iemini, ientur Fourth Conjugation = present stem + iar, ieris, ietur, iemur, iemini, ientur PERFECT TENSE​

- Fourth Principal Part + sum, es, est, sumus, estis, sunt
Translation: I was “verbed” - I have been “verbed”
N.B. 4th principal part must agree with subject in gender and number. PLUPERFECT TENSE​
- Fourth Principal Part + eram, eras, erat, eramus, eratis, erant…. Translation: I had been “verbed”
N.B. Fourth principal part must agree with subject in gender and number. FUTURE PERFECT​
- Fourth Principal Part + ero, eris, erit, erimus, eritis, ​ erunt
Translation: I shall/will have been “verbed”
NB Fourth Principal Part must agree with subject in gender and number

SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD
ACTIVE VOICE
***Personal endings: -m, -s, -t, -mus, -tis, -nt***
PRESENT TENSE - present stem + special vowel + personal endings Translation: I may "verb" - I “verb” - I am “verbing” n.b. "shE wEArs A gIAnt dIAmond
First conjugation vowel = e
Second Conjugation vowel = ea
Third Conjugation vowel = a
Third Conjugation (io) = ia
Fourth Conjugation vowel = ia

IMPERFECT TENSE - present active infinitive + m, s, t, mus, tis, nt Translation: I might "verb" - I “verbed”

PERFECT TENSE - perfect stem + -eri + m, s, t, mus, tis, nt
Translation: I may have "verbed" - I “verbed” - I have “verbed”

PLUPERFECT TENSE - perfect stem + -isse + m, s, t, mus, tis, nt Translation: I might have "verbed" - I had “verbed”

SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD
PASSIVE VOICE

****Personal endings: -r, -ris, -tur, -mur, -mini, -ntur**** PRESENT TENSE​...
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