Latin America Study Guide

Powerful Essays
Latin America Test Study Guide

1. Explorers for Spain and Portugal: a. Portuguese i. First to launch large-scale operations ii. Prince Henry supported explorations, established court—sent expeditions west to Atlantic islands, south to Western African coast—Portuguese settled Azores and Madeira Islands, learned about African coast—gold and slaves iii. Wanted water route around Africa to India—Bartolomeu Dias attempted, pushed back iv. Vasco da Gama completed journey, learned about Muslim merchants, sailed to Calicut, India v. Pedro Cabral sent to India—sailed west, ‘discovered’ Brazil vi. Trade established between Portugal and India—Portuguese =set out to find other lands vii. Made Portugal rich and powerful b. Spanish: viii. Ferdinand and Isabella funded Columbus’ voyage to reach China by sailing west around world ix. Columbus was wrong about earth’s size—ignorant of Americas, believed Caribbean were Indies x. Returned with exotic items/native Americans—hailed as a hero xi. Amerigo Vespucci sailed along south American coast, concluded land was not Asia—later, land was named America xii. Vasco Nunez de Balboa sent to explore America—crossed Isthmus of Panama, became first European to see Pacific xiii. Ferdinand Magellan sent to circumnavigate globe—died in Philippines, crew led by Juan Sebastian de Elanco completed journey c. Both: xiv. Proximity to Atlantic made exploration easy xv. Sought routes to Asia xvi. Set up trade with foreign regions xvii. ‘Discovered’ Americas xviii. Impactful feats of navigation xix. Supported by monarchs 2. Treaty of Tordesillas d. Between Spanish and Portuguese—drew line in Atlantic to divide Americas—west of line belonged to Spanish (included most of Americas because true size was unknown at the time), east of

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Study Guide Latin America

    • 7323 Words
    • 30 Pages

    LATIN AMERICA WHAT IS IT? Term thought to be coined by French Emperor Napoleon III, during occupation of Mexico Reference to cultural commonalities shared by those who speak Romance languages: Spanish, Portuguese, French. Confusing point, since some countries in region are English speaking: Belize, Jamaica, Guyana; Suriname- Dutch speaking 34 nations, 590 million Geography Region south of Rio Grande to tip of South America. 8 mill sq miles, Huge, 2.5 times size of U.S. Frozen windswept land…

    • 7323 Words
    • 30 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Latin America

    • 788 Words
    • 4 Pages

    group of European colonists to rise up against their distant rulers during their time. In the early 19th century, many colonies in South America rose up against Spanish rule for many reasons similar to the colonies in the North who revolted against the British. Ideology, geopolitics, and material interests encouraged the rebellions in both the American and Latin American independence movements. While very similar in cause, each revolution occurred in different ways and was influenced by different…

    • 788 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Latin America

    • 1646 Words
    • 7 Pages

    A Broken Latin America Latin America is a curious case in the political world; with ever changing governments, one of the highest regional poverty rates and a corrupt federal system that is tied into the narcotics industry. Why is this region so politically unstable, and is it getting better or worse? This question can easily be answered when the political history of Latin America is examined. Latin America is a region birthed through war and revolution, as well as hundreds of years of colonization…

    • 1646 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Latin America

    • 544 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Latin America: The Creation of New People Latin America: The Creation of New People Bradford Burns, the author of Latin America: An Interpretive History has put a lot of thought in my mind, of who and what where the first people of Latin America. Because of them, many of us are here today. But who are they? The new world, which came to be known as Latin America; numerous types of people migrated to this part of the world. A group of people known as the indigenous migrated from Asia and…

    • 544 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    declared goals of democracy and economic development in Latin America during the 20th century? The United States government usually failed at attaining its goal of democracy and economic development in Latin America because they were too forceful in the way they went about themselves. The US would pressure Latin American countries to do things solely for their own benefit. The United States was afraid of the idea of their neighbor, Latin America, becoming a Communist continent, which could eventually…

    • 215 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Latin America

    • 3505 Words
    • 15 Pages

    The new Latin American empires of Spain and Portugal maintained special contacts with the West. Western forms were imposed on indigenous cultures as the militarily superior European invaders conquered their lands. Latin America became part of the world economy as a dependent region. The Iberians mixed with native populations and created new political and social forms. The resulting mixture of European, African, and Indian cultures created a distinctive civilization. Indian civilization, although…

    • 3505 Words
    • 15 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Latin America

    • 12108 Words
    • 49 Pages

    land-basedempires. However, their power dwindled as travel and trade by waterbecame more important. 5) Labor systems were transformed - The acquisition ofcolonies in North and South America…

    • 12108 Words
    • 49 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Poverty In Latin America

    • 1104 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Latin America has the worst distribution of wealth in the world. The gap between rich and poor is one of the biggest, and much higher than it is in the industrialized countries or the regions of the Third World. The continent has an unclear privilege of rich people with a society in extreme poverty conditions, while in some countries the proportion of poor has stabilized, the absolute number has been growing every year. Because of corruption in the political states, lack of social interest in the…

    • 1104 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Sodomy In Latin America

    • 262 Words
    • 2 Pages

    2010, Argentina became the first Latin American county to legalize same-sex marriage. Allowing for the first time thousands of Argentinian people to be legally allowed to be with those they love. This law became passed in spite of venomous opposition from the Catholic Church. The Catholic Church opposing the LGBTQ community is not a 2000’s phenomenon, however. With the recent rise in acknowledgment for these once marginalizes groups, historians of colonial Latin America have taken an interest in these…

    • 262 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Latin America

    • 646 Words
    • 3 Pages

    How and why would certain aspects of Aztec, Inca, and Caribbean peoples’ religions and cosmologies have facilitated their conversion to Christianity? How and why would certain aspects of Aztec, Inca, and Caribbean peoples’ religions and cosmologies have hindered their conversion to Christianity? There various aspects of these indigenous groups religion from which Christianity can relate too, as well as it can have some differences the Christians do not believe in. Although some different beliefs…

    • 646 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays