‘Imperial Russia’ all started in the 17th century where a man named Tsar Ivan IV ‘the terrible’ battled and defeated the Mongols which were the previous rulers of Russia. He appointed himself the emperor of Russia and his heirs would carry on his principles and his way of ruling throughout the century’s to build a strong nation. The Tsars of the Romanov dynasty would carry on ruling till the last reign in 1890-1917 which was held by Tsar Nicholas II son of Tsar Alexander III, it was his and his father’s reign which changed Russia from having its own system (tsarism) to become a nation with a fair government just like the European nations of their time. At first glance the Tsar’s were thought to be grateful to Russia e.g. victory over the swedes which transformed Muscovy into a great power of Europe and Alexander II the liberator ended serfdom and restored the government of Russia after losing the Crimean war. However there were many situations, problems in governments and people that caused Russia to change from having Tsarism to having an official government such as parliament.
Tsar & Tsarism:
The system of Tsarism was governed through three organisations: Firstly there was the imperial council, which were a group of advisers to the Tsar. Secondly there was the Cabinet of Ministers, which ran the government departments of the Tsar. Thirdly there was the Senate, which were the supervisors of the law. All three of these governmental bodies were ranked under the Tsar so every organisation they run, laws they make or suggestions, the final word or decision has to be from the current Tsar ruler, e.g. To quote Reaction and Revolution ‘They were appointed, not elected and they did not govern’. This is because their roles are basically to give advice because whatever they say has to go through the Tsar.
The Tsar which caused most problems were as I mentioned above