Late Adulthood and End of Life

Topics: Death, Senescence, Fatty acid Pages: 5 (1762 words) Published: December 11, 2013
Running head: Late Adulthood and End of Life

Late Adulthood and End of Life
Mary
Psychology 375

Late Adulthood and End of Life
The developmental crisis of Erikson’s last stage is integrity versus despair, when older adults try to find ways to integrate their distinctive experiences with their visualization of society. Many develop self-importance and satisfaction with their private lives, in addition as with their society or personal life. Some others despair, feeling afraid that their lives are nearing an end. As at every other phase, tension between the two contrasting aspects of the developmental emergency helps move forward the person toward a deeper understanding (Berger, 2008).Through a person’s life time, he or she experiences many fundamental changes, which take place in his or her life physically, and mentally. Late adulthood poses many problems than any other phase in life. People in this stage experience their youthfulness from one stage to the next and watch it dwindle down, and pass away. Late adulthood is time for apparent changes to take place and the opportunity for individuals to deal with critical issues of aging and to make changes to live a longer healthier life until the end of life. Evaluate how individuals can promote health and wellness into late adulthood and mitigate the negative effects of aging.

Individuals can advance health and wellness into late adulthood and lessen the negative effects of aging through eating right, exercising, helping and supporting others through service, becoming active in church and prayer, and acquiring needed vitamins, and minerals. An innovative study inspects the correlation between increased omega-3 fatty acids and increased endurance in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). Atherosclerosis is the increase of fatty plaques on the inner lining of the arteries, and it causes coronary heart disease. In the United States, CHD is the single leading cause of death in the United States. An estimated 1.26 million Americans may experience a new or recurring heart attack this year (Farzaneh, Lin, Epel, Harris, Blackburn, & Whooley, 2010), . According to Farzaneh, Lin, Epel, Harris, Blackburn, & Whooley (2010), The researchers in this study—including a scientist who won a Nobel Prize for her work with telomeres—investigated the relationship between omega-3 fatty acid intake and telomere length. Telomeres are repeat sequences at the end of chromosomes that protect and stabilize the DNA. Telomeres shorten with each replication of the DNA during cellular division. Short telomeres induce apoptosis (programmed cell death), thus telomere length has been suggested to play a role in biological aging. In this new study, researchers investigated the relationship between omega-3 fatty acid intake and telomere length in subjects with coronary artery disease (p. 1). Analyze ageism and stereotypes associated with late adulthood. However, the first stages of aging changes are universal because they take place in everyone. Nonetheless, in the process of aging many different kinds of diseases that are prevalent in this stage do not affect everyone. Many diseases do not affect everyone for example, one person may have heart trouble, another person may experience bone fractures, and yet some other may suffer from dementia. However aging is universal because every living organism ages. The subsequent phase, which characterizes aging, is that it is intrinsic. In the acknowledgement of lifestyle changes, exercise, and eat a proper diet in an effort to slow the aging process and maintain health, aging take place regardless. Third, aging is progressive because it cannot it is not reversible. The fourth criteria, is the likelihood of disease, virtually every physiological and biochemical change involved in health and maintenance of homeostasis moves in an unfavorable direction. Individuals in late adulthood experience many changes because of...


References: American Psychological Association, (2012). End-of-Life-Issues
http://www.apa.org/topics/death/end-of-life.aspx
Berger, K, (2008). Berger, K. S. (2008). The developing person
through the life span (7th ed.)
Medline Plus (2012). End of Life Issues
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/endoflifeissues.html
Yung, V, Walling, Walling, A, & Min, L (2010) Elderly/Long-Term
Care
867, 2010.
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