Language related task celta

Topics: Passive voice, Verb, Participle Pages: 5 (854 words) Published: November 16, 2013
Language Related Tasks

Words: 881

A.

1. The gorilla was taken back to its cage.
The paintings were stolen from the museum.

2. Used to talk about:
When we want the object to be the subject
The subject is not doing the action
The ‘doer’ of the action is unknown or unimportant
Something that happened at one point in the past.

3.
i. A gorilla caused panic after escaping a Dutch zoo last week. Bokito, an 11-year-old gorilla, injured four people. After two hours the zookeepers were finally able to catch the animal. The gorilla was taken back to its cage.

ii.
The zookeepers took back to its cage.

was taken back to its cage.

iii. Concept questions and answers:

Did the gorilla go back to its cage by itself? No.
Who took the gorilla back to its cage? Unknown.
Did this happen in the past or the present? Past.

4. passive subject + was/were + past participle
Simple past passive

5. In the passive voice the stress falls on the past participle. The auxiliary verb is the weak form.

A painting was stolen.

The auxiliary verb and the past participle are linked together, pronouncing was as /wəz/ and were as /wər/.

6. Typical errors:
i. I was inviting to the party. I was invited to the party.
Active and passive verb forms are often confused. The past participle and the present participle are both used with the auxiliary verb ‘to be’.

ii. The girl was died in a car accident. The girl died in a car accident. Some verbs can’t have an object. Those verbs are called intransitive and can’t be made into passive verb forms. Sometimes even transitive verbs can’t be made into a passive verb forms; most of these verbs are ‘stative’ verbs.

. Reference book used: Michael Swan – “Practical English Usage”, and Jim Scrivener – “Teaching English Grammar”.

B.

1. We missed our flight because I had forgotten my passport in the taxi. She had never seen a crocodile before she moved to Africa.

2. Used to describe:
An event or activity that happened before another event in the past. Often used with a past simple verb form to contrast the two times.

3.
i. Jane: Mary! How was your holiday?
Mary: Horrific…
Jane: Oh no! What happened?
Mary: Everything went wrong. We missed our flight because I had forgotten my passport in the taxi. Jane: Oops!

ii.

iii. Concept questions and answers:

Why did Mary miss her flight?
She had lost her passport in the taxi.
Did she lose her passport before or after she missed the flight? Before.

4. had + past participle
Simple past perfect

5. Subject and auxiliary verb are usually contracted (I’d, he’d, we’d). The stress falls on the past participle:

I had lost my keys.

6. Typical errors:

i. My girlfriend told me she was pregnant since Christmas.
My girlfriend told me she had been pregnant since Christmas. When you describe how long something had continued up to a past moment, you use the simple past perfect.

ii. Vincent van Gogh, who had cut off his ear, was a painter. Vincent van Gogh, who cut off his ear, was a painter. There should be a link between the two pasts. The fact that Vincent van Gogh cut off his ear has nothing to do with him being a painter.

. Reference book used: Michael Swan – “Practical English Usage”, and Jim Scrivener – “Teaching English Grammar”.

C.

1. The dog must have jumped through the window.
I must have left my books in the library.

2. Used to talk about:
A logical conclusion about something that happened in the past.

3.
i. Alright, I’ll just leave the dog in the car, I won’t be long and he’s not allowed in the shops. 30 minutes later. The window is broken and an empty leash hangs out of the car. In front of the car sits the dog, waggling its tail. His owner arrives: My god! The dog must have jumped through the window!

ii. Concept questions and answers:

Does the dog owner think that his dog jumped through the...
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