August 13, 2012
Language as we know it is very hard to define because it is the linguistics of the language, but we know it is important for our life. It is very important tool to express my feeling and opinion, and we could know what others think about. As a result, we could make connection with others. However, have you ever thought why we can communicate each other? Do you know why human’s communication is defined as language and other animal’s communication is not defined as language? For example, dog has different vocalization like barks, and whines, but it is their communication tool like our language. So, their vocalization has some meaning such as “I am hungry,” and “I want to go outside.” We know how to interpret the dog’s utterances, but we cannot define the different vocalization as language. There are many reasons what define language. Thus, by exploring the definition of language and lexicon, evaluating language’s key features, the four levels of language structure and processing, and role of language in cognitive psychology, an understanding of what language is become clear.
Language and Lexicon definition
Language is an attribute that only human can have. Language is a system for expressing or communicating thought and feelings through speech sounds or written symbols. The communicative system used by a particular speech community with its distinctive vocabulary, grammar, and phonological system. Lexicon is the vocabulary of a language, the lexical knowledge of an individual. Lexicon is more along the lines of what speech sounds or written symbols mean in a language. If you don’t know the lexicon of a language you cannot possibly know the language. Almost every culture has its own language and lexicon. (Lexicon & Language)
Key features of language
In order to understand the definition, we should understand key futures of language. There are four key features of language such as
References: Lexicon&Language. (2010, March 14). In Hubpages. Retrieved August 8, 2012, from http://sadurst.hubpages.com/hub/Lexicon-Language Limguistic retivity. (n.d.). In Wikipedia. Retrieved August 12, 2012, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linguistic_relativity Whorfian Hypothesis. (2012, April 10). Retrieved August 12, 2012, from http://c2.com/cgi/wiki?WhorfianHypothesis Willingham, D. T. (2007). Cognition: The thinking animal. New York, NY: Pearson Prentice Hall.