By: Arc. Abimbola A. Oke mnia, amnim
LANDSCAPE DESIGN: AN INSTRUMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL TRANSFORMATION.
Man, in his efforts to achieve comfort and a beautiful environment have tried to be in harmony with nature. One way by which this is being achieved is by Landscape design. Landscape design is hardly considered necessary by many in our society today; they see it as a luxury that can be forgone. However, it is a well known fact that the human environment most appreciated, are those characterized by a relatively strong degree of special enclosure using landscaping elements. Landscape design has been found to have a lot of pleasurable attributes added to the environment. It gives the immediate environment an image that can readily distinguish one designed environment from another. The inclusion of Landscape design in Architectural design has produced more humane surroundings in the interest of the users if adequately implemented. Thus, for Landscape design to become indeed a hand tool or instrument in the hand of designers and planners of the built environment, the basic principles of Landscape design must be understood by these professionals. This paper will discuss these basic principles. Landscape design should seek among other things to reduce the adverse effect of the prevailing weather conditions and to create a functional, aesthetically pleasing and refreshing outdoor spaces.
The longman dictionary defines Landscape architecture as “the planning, modifying and arrangement of a large piece of land with an eye to scenic beauty” especially with reference to siting of roads, buildings e.t.c.
In her book “The nature of landscape design”, Nan Fairbrother sees landscape design as “concerned with the process of creating an attractive outdoor environment”. She went ahead to say “this made man to be involved in the manipulation of the outdoor scene to produce a different kind of
References: Dawayne L.I (1991) Basic Principles of Landscape Design, University of Florida, IFAS Extension. Fairbrother N. (1974) The Nature of Landscape Design, Architectural press, London. Garett Eckbo (1969) The Landscape We See, Mcgraw-Hill Book Company, Newyork. Hornby A S. (2001) Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary of Current English, Oxford University Press. Oke Abimbola A. (1992) The Effects Of A Well Landscaped Environment On Man, B.Sc Dissertation, Unpublished. Qurix W B. (2003) Psychological Consideration in Landscape Design, Journal of Nigerian Institute of Architects, Vol. 3 No. 1. Weddle A E. (1979) Landscape Technique, William Heinne Mann, London.