Topics: Discrimination, Leadership, Social psychology Pages: 5 (1320 words) Published: December 2, 2012
Name: Salal Ahmed Presented to : Miss Raheela Tariq Rollno: 12L-4927


“A negative prejudgment of a group and its individual members (an attitude, consisting of affect, behavior, and cognition)” example: racism; sexism; ageism STEREOTYPE:
“An over generalized belief about the personal attributes of a group of people” example: Americans are outgoing. DISCRIMINATION:
“Unjustifiable negative behavior toward a group or its members” example: red-lining to prevent mortgage lending in ethnic areas of cities. Prejudice can be based upon a number of factors including sex, race, age, sexual orientations, nationality, socioeconomic status and religion. Some of the most well-known types of prejudice include: * Racism

* Sexism
* Classicism
* Homophobia
* Nationalism
* Religious prejudice
* Ageism

Racism (individual)
An individual's prejudicial attitudes and discriminatory behavior toward people of a given race example: negative attitudes against Hispanics, and discrimination against them in employment and immigration Racism (institutional)

Institutional practices (even if not motivated by prejudice) that subordinate people of a given race example: educational curricula that ignore the achievements of Hispanics and individualistic practices that impede support of Hispanic families (e.g. limitations on hospital visitors) Sexism (individual) An individual's prejudicial attitudes and discriminatory behavior toward people of a given sex example: prejudice against women as inferior and unmotivated, and discrimination against them in job promotion Sexism (institutional)

Institutional practices (even if not motivated by prejudice) that subordinate people of a given sex example: educational curricula that ignore the achievements of women and scheduling that makes child care difficult Classicism

Classism is prejudice or discrimination on the basis of social class. It includes individual attitudes and behaviors, systems of policies and practices that are set up to benefit the upper classes at the expense of the lower classes. It can also include attitudes and behavior of prejudice and discrimination by members of the lower class to members of the higher class Homophobia

Homophobia is the hatred or fear of homosexuals - that is, lesbians and gay men - sometimes leading to acts of violence and expressions of hostility. Homophobia is not confined to any one segment of society, and can be found in people from all walks of life. Organized hate groups have viciously attacked homosexuals and have used especially violent language in attempting to persecute and intimidate them. Nationalism

Nationalism is the belief that a particular nation and its culture, people, and values are superior to those of other nations and thus that one's own nation will benefit from acting independently, rather then in coordination with other nations. It can also include the belief that a certain large social grouping of people deserves to have its own independent nation. Religious prejudice

Religious discrimination is valuing or treating a person or group differently because of what they do or do not believe. Specifically, it is when adherents of different religions(or denominations) are treated unequally, either before the law or in intuitional settings such as employment or housing. Religious discrimination is related to religious persecution the most extreme forms of which would include instances in which people have been executed for beliefs perceived to be heretic. Ageism

Ageism or age discrimination is stereotyping and discriminating against individuals or groups because of their age. It is a set of beliefs, attitudes, norms, and values used to justify age based prejudice, discrimination, and subordination. This may be casual or systematic.


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