FAIR IS FOUL, FOUL IS FAIR
In the tragedy, Macbeth by William Shakespeare, the paradoxical theme of "Fair is foul, foul is fair" functions throughout the play. The line is a prophecy which means one thing seems like another. It implies especially to the characters that they are not as they seem to be. The Three Witches are the ones who introduce the paradox that runs throughout the play. As this paper develops it will cover more on the different types of deceptions and how it plays an important role in Act 1. The different types of deceptions that will be discussed in this essay are deception of atmosphere, deception of Macbeth and the deception of witches. In Macbeth, one of the things that was deceptive was the atmosphere. In Act 1, the atmosphere created by the author was very horrifying. The play sets the scene with a mysterious gathering of the three witches. The witches appeared suddenly in the mid-conversation, which was dramatic and created unclear ideas about the dubious topics of conversation. This in turn created an air of tension, suspicion and an ominous atmosphere. The presence of thunder and lightning was a symbol of evil and created a more hostile atmosphere. This suggested that the rest of the play would be full of deceit, revenge, anger and pain, implying the play would be a tragedy. Later on the witches planned to meet Macbeth in the play on the heath. Antithesis was used in the ultimate stanza, where the witches chant a warning: Fair is foul, and foul is fair, Hover through the fog and filthy air? This implied that appearances were deceptive, and it created a sense of mystery and encouraged thought as to what significance this may hold for later in the play. The confused messages it conveyed provoked deep thought amongst the members of the audience. After the victorious battle, Macbeth's first words echoed the final words of the witches in the first scene, as he addressed Banquo: "So foul and fair a day I have not seen." This referred...
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