Topics: Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, World War II, Nuclear weapon Pages: 7 (2642 words) Published: May 4, 2013
A-Bomb War Crime or Necessity For Peace

For decades now the moral and ethical justification of the US forcing Japan in to surrender by unleashing the wrath of two nuclear bombs on Japan, has been a popular debate for not only scholars but everybody to this day. With this topical event we are going to explore the controversy’s behind the decision to unleash this power . we will explore the main two arguments from both opposing sides; - people who were for the dropping of the Nuclear bomb stated the argument that; it was the only way for a quick surrender that would also inflict less casualties. - People opposed to the dropping of the nuclear bomb said that; Japan were going to already surrender and this was just an excuse in committing a war crime or terrorist activity. So was the A-bomb a war crime or just a necessity for peace? Background information:

After the surprise bombing of Pearl Harbour by Japan on the morning of Sunday, December 7, 1941, resulted in the waking of a sleeping giant and thus America had entered world war two. Along with Germany, the Japanese war campaign had resulted in complete success with the occupation of Manchuria-Korea-parts of China-Formosa-French Indochina-Thailand-Burma-Malaysia-The Dutch East Indies-The Philippine Islands-Guam-parts of Alaska-Wake Island-Solomon Islands-Islands in the south/central pacific region. But as was stated before the Japanese had planned a suprise attack on pearl Harbour for strategical purposes; this strike was intended to neutralize the U.S. Pacific Fleet this in turn cemented their own demise.

The success towards the atomic bomb was mainly due to the Manhattan project. The Manhattan project was a codename for a covert project that was conducted in world war2 the projects clear objective was to create the first atomic bomb. This project was lead by the United States and incorporated scientists from the United Kingdom and Canada. Formally designated as the Manhattan Engineer District (MED), this refers to the period of of the project from 1942–1946 under the control of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, under the administration of General Leslie R. Groves. The scientific research was directed by American physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer. Since the 1930’s Nazi Germany were investigating nuclear weapons of its own. The Manhattan project started from a small research program in 1939, eventually the project employed 130,000 people and with a cost of up to $2 billion US ($22 billion current value) this in turn resulted in the creation of multiple production and research sites that managed to operate in secret. The Project took place in over thirty sites across the United States, United Kingdom and Canada. The MED maintained control over U.S. weapons production until the formation of the Atomic Energy Commission in January 1947. On August 6 and 9, 1945, the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were destroyed by the first atomic bombs used in warfare. The first Nuclear bomb ever used in warfare was affectionately called Little Boy. Little Boy was dropped over the Japanese city Hiroshima On August 6, 1945 at 8:16:02 a.m. (Hiroshima time). Little Boy exploded 1,900 feet above the courtyard of Shima Hospital, with a force equivalent to 12,500 tons of TNT. By the end of 1945, 140,000 people had died as a direct result of the bombing. Within the following five years, another 60,000 would die of bomb-related causes. The second nuclear bomb called Fat Man was dropped over the Japanese city of Nagasaki at 11:02 a.m. on August 9, 1945. It exploded at 1,650 feet with a force of 22,000 tons of TNT. 70,000 people lost their lives in Nagasaki by the end of 1945 due to the bombing. A total of 140,00 died within the next five years. Hiroshima

In the time of world war 2 Hiroshima was the ideal place for the United States to drop their first nuclear bomb. (little Boy) this was due to the fact that Hiroshima had great military importance for Japan. Hiroshima contained the...
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