Labor unions are dissociation of workers that seeks to improve the economic and social well-being of its members through group action. A labor union represents his members in negotiations with the employer over all aspects of an employment contract, including wages and working conditions. These contract negotiations are known as collective-bargaining. By giving workers a united voice a unique and often negotiate higher wages, shorter hours, and better fringe benefits, such as insurance and pension plans, then the individual workers can negotiate on their own. When the employer and you cannot reach an agreement through the collective bargaining process you may conduct a strike, which is an organized work stoppage. Or an employer may prevent work or from entry in the workplace and a lockout.
In many countries, labor union's official affiliations with political parties and seek to bring out social change through legislative and political action and other countries including the United States no formal ties this kind exist. The United States has a tradition of so-called business unionism, and which the main goal of the labor movement is to improve wages and working conditions. Unions in the United States, however often engage in political activities. These activities include lobbying for legislation that furthers the claim of the labor movement and providing financial support to political candidates that are friendly to the causes.
In the early 19th century all aspects of the employment contract, including wages and hours of work, usually resulted from direct negotiation between employers and individual workers. Because of the imbalance of power, such negotiations favored employers. Labor unions began to form in the 19th century to help relieve the damaging effects of industrialization on work groups, especially the long hours and low pay that factory work entailed. The earliest organizations of workers in the United States appeared in New York City...
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