Preview

Kung!

Better Essays
Open Document
Open Document
858 Words
Grammar
Grammar
Plagiarism
Plagiarism
Writing
Writing
Score
Score
Kung!
1. Ernestine Friedl says that the position of women is higher the more they are involved in (l) primary subsistence (as owners or controllers, NOT merely as laborers) and (2) the PUBLIC distribution of the product of subsistence. Use this argument to account for the position of women in Kung society. Make sure you use both part (l) and part (2) of Friedl’s argument. (Do not worry that Friedl’s argument is simplistic; she is not trying to say that women’s role in subsistence is the ONLY factor that affects their position in society.)

Friedl states that the position of women is higher the more they are involved in primary subsistence, and the public distribution of that subsistence. I think this classes Kung! Women pretty high up the social ladder. Kung! Women, help gather a large portion of the food (almost all), and help with a lot of the tasks. They do care for the young, but they also help make the shelter, and help carry the few possessions they have from campground to campground (5). Most of what the Kung! Do in their down time is similar to their counterparts. They both tell stories, argue (but never get physical really) and even do the same medicine dances, and jokes. There is no “arrogant” men stereotype as it is considered rude to boast in Kung society (6). There really is no difference when it comes to communal actions between men and women. It comes down to marriage, and a bit of political rights which are a new invention in the Kung! Society. That is why women have such a high level in Kung! Society.

2. Construct arguments for the following two propositions: (l) that Kung men have higher status and greater power than Kung women and (2) that there is equality between Kung men and Kung women. Which position do you agree with, and why?

The Kung! Are a very peculiar case to me. There are very good arguments to say that the Kung have a higher status, and thus a higher amount of power than women, and an equally good arguments that



Cited: Shostak, Marjorie. Nisa, the life and words of a !Kung woman. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1981. Print.

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    “Nisa: the life and words of a !kung woman” written by Marjorie Shostak is a book about a woman named nisa of the !kung people. It entails the stories of her struggles and the many horrific tragedies in her life and how it shapes who and how she is. The book Is basically an interview of a fifty year old nisa, it is written in her perspective of what it is like to live in such a society. She suffered quite a few devastating tragedies as aforementioned which included, the death of four of her children, two as infants and two as adults. Even shostak says that none of the !kung women suffered tragedies the way nisa did.…

    • 644 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    My Fathers Chinese Wives

    • 651 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Cited: Loh, Sandra T. "My Chinese Fathers Wives" The St. Martin 's Guide to Writing. Ed. Rise B. Axelrod and Charles R. Cooper. Massachusetts: Boston, 2004. 509-511…

    • 651 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Shostak, M. (1981). Nisa: The life and words of a !Kung woman. New York: Vintage.…

    • 679 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Kung Women

    • 1782 Words
    • 8 Pages

    The !Kung are hunter-gatherers of Southern Africa and the women play an essential role in the production of subsistence for their families. The woman actually contribute a greater proportion of the subsistence to their families directly than do the men who are the game hunters in the family. As Friedl describes in “Society and Sex Roles” (page 101) regardless of who produces food, the person who gives it to others creates the obligations and alliances that are at the center of all political relations.” The woman from birth are the gathers within the !Kung and Friedl believes that it is due to four inter-related factors as to why the woman are the foragers; the variability in the supply of game, the different skills required for hunting and gathering; the incompatibility between carrying burdens and hunting; and the small size of semi-nomadic foraging populations (page 102). !Kung women play a very vital role in the survival of their families through their gathering of subsistence and they are not simply laborers but they are owners and/or distributors of what they bring home. However, they remain to be the less powerful of the genders within their culture. The !Kung woman’s role is critical to the survival of their villages because when unsuccessful hunters come home without protein (game) it is the woman who will feed the men, children and the elderly within their village and because they strictly provide for their family as the foragers they are not, based on Friedl’s’ theories, the one who disperses food to others. Thus, !Kung women are not considered to be the person with seniority…

    • 1782 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    2. Compare and contrast Buddhism and Hinduism for their views on gender, social hierarchy, and inequalities. (Or an Indian belief with a Chinese philosophy)…

    • 1054 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Wsu Anth 316 Essay 1

    • 1207 Words
    • 5 Pages

    2. A. Gender inequality can be divided into two categories: social and economic inequality. The Kung is an egalitarian society, meaning that they make sure that everyone has equal access to the group’s valued resources. Kung men have higher status and greater power than Kung women for several reasons. First, because they have total control of marriage; when a boy reaches the appropriate marrying age, he chooses the girl he wants to married and she has no say. Secondly, Kung men are highly valued because meat is a rarity and only makes up a…

    • 1207 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Along with the increase in outside influences, the gender roles among the !Kung began to change. The society became less egalitarian and a hierarchy began to form. At first it was difficult for me to find any positives in this change to the !Kung culture. I had to think about the difficulties that the !Kung faced every day and that some of these changes brought certainty of food and modern medical care.…

    • 307 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Gender Roles Of Kung Women

    • 1087 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Ernestine Friedl says that the position of women is higher the more they are involved in primary subsistence and the public distribution of the product of subsistence. Kung’s have no hierarchy or leaders; each group has individuals who opinions carry more weight than others and basically function like group leaders. Men are mainly leaders because Kung woman provide most of their families food, care for children and are lifelong wives. In order for a Kung woman to have more say in her group and to be more influential she usually is an owner or a public giver of food.…

    • 1087 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    From the nineteenth century, Chinese-American literature has been discriminated by the American literature canon. Most early Chinese American works tended to cater for the taste of the white readership. The situation changed till the later half of the twentieth century when the Civil Rights Movement took place in the United States, during which more Chinese writers emerged on the literary stage and the mainstream of American society began to pay more attention to the Chinese-American literature. The 1980s and 1990s saw flowering of Chinese-American literature, there have been so many works by Chinese-American writers that American literary criticism has come to recognize ¡°Asian literature¡± as a separate genre, of which Chinese-American literature is a most important part. While, the contemporary Chinese-American writers focused on races and cultural identity all the time, and a notable feature of more contemporary Chinese American women¡¯s writing is an emphasis upon mother-daughter relationship. We will have a look on the meaning of this phenomenon.…

    • 6568 Words
    • 27 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Women are, undoubtedly, the pillar of success behind every man and the strength behind every flourishing family. Asians have never forgotten the grand days of their matriarchal society that has shaped kingdoms and governments as we know them today. They have been with us as mothers, sisters, friends, aunts, teachers, nurses and from stall owners selling packets of ‘nasi lemak’ to heads of large organizations implementing policies that can change the direction of an entire nation.…

    • 2439 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Geiger, S. 1987.Women in Nationalist Struggle: Tanu Activist in Daar es Salaam. Boston: University African Studies Centre.…

    • 3254 Words
    • 14 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Jogho Movie Review

    • 1722 Words
    • 5 Pages

    In Asian culture, roles and responsibilities are different for each gender. Man is being considered as the leader of the family. Hence, the role of a man is to take care of the family in which they are responsible to earn and provide money for the family. Only man can decide on anything that happened in the family. Woman on the other hand is being portrays as weak. The role of a woman is to take care of the husband and the children. They did not have any right to voice out their opinion on anything because the role of the wife is to obey their husband even if their husband had done the wrong thing. For example in the film ‘Jogho’ , Mak Minah did not have the right to say anything when Pok Mat involve in the bullfight’s gambling and when all the money that is left is being used as bet in the bullfight.…

    • 1722 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    women in chinese culture

    • 1247 Words
    • 5 Pages

    The Chinese culture has an adverse effect on women who get accustomed to the ways of life in a male dominated system. Men are thought of as the important beings because they are physically stronger than women. Chinese elders still believe that “A woman is like a vine needing the support from a tree…women are like water; men are like the mountains.”(See 264). The tree is the support through the vine’s journey up the tree; without the tree, the vine would not be able to survive. Likewise, the mountain is the support and the foundation, while the water flows freely on top of it; without the mountain the water will cease to flow. The tree and the mountain are both stronger than the vine and the water respectively, similarly, to a typical Chinese couple, the man is stronger than the woman. The man has the physical strength to labor all day and provides means of sustenance for the family, while the woman stays at home and takes care of the children. Since men are the breadwinners of the family, women tend to depend on the men’s providence for their survival; thereby, men are thought of as the more superior ones. Keeping this in mind, in the feudal days “women have to follow their husbands no matter what their lot… husbands say a wife is like a…

    • 1247 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Firstly, in term of role of people in business environment, the women are not expected to reach high position. This is due to influence of Confucianism, which teach people that a woman should devote all her life to take care of household more than going out to seek foods. The woman is rarely appointed to the first position in a company because man who is lower position usually tends to against the commands coming from a woman. In contrast, a man is expected to become boss who should show his knowledge, learning and power.…

    • 5728 Words
    • 23 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    It is rather unfortunate that in spite of the tremendous roles played by women in the development of the nation, some people still believe that they are better seen than heard. However, the popular saying that “what a man can do a woman can do better” remains a reality and for this singular fact, the male faction are afraid of defeat hence their struggle for dominance.…

    • 2173 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Good Essays

Related Topics