Bees are flying insects closely related to wasps and ants, and are known for their role in pollination and for producing honey and beeswax. There are nearly 20,000 known species of bees in nine recognized families though many are undescribed and the actual number is probably higher. They are found on every continent except Antarctica, in every habitat on the planet that contains insect-pollinated flowering plants.
Bees have a long proboscis (a complex "tongue") that enables them to obtain the nectar from flowers. They have antennae almost universally made up of 13 segments in males and 12 in females, as is typical for the super family. Bees all have two pairs of wings, the hind pair being the smaller of the two; in a very few species, one sex or caste has relatively short wings that make flight difficult or impossible, but none are wingless.
The smallest bee is Trigona minima, a stingless bee whose workers are about 2.1 mm (5/64") long. The largest bee in the world is Megachile pluto, a leafcutter bee whose females can attain a length of 39 mm (1.5"). Members of the family Halictidae, or sweat bees, are the most common type of bee in the Northern Hemisphere, though they are small and often mistaken for wasps or flies.
1. What is the text about?
A. Describing bees in general.
B. Explaining bees in Antarctica.
C. Telling the habitat of the bees.
D. Giving information about bees in the Northern Hemisphere.
2. What is the main idea of paragraph one?
A. Bees live on every continent.
B. Bees belong to flying insects.
C. Bees produce honey and beeswax.
D. Bees only live with insect-flowering plants.
3. Which of the following sentences describes the physical appearance bees? A. None has wings.
B. It has 13 antennae.
C. Its length is 39 mm.
D. Its tongue is complex.
4. “They are found on every continent except Antarctica,…” A. The word “they” refers to … .
E. flying insects
The Houses of The Toraja The ethnic groups in the mountain regions of southwest and central Sulawesi (Celebes) are known by the name of Toraja, which has come to mean "those who live upstream" or "those who live in the mountains". Their name is in fact derived from the word Raja, which in Sanskrit means "king". The society is hierarchically structured: the noblemen are called rengnge, the ordinary people to makaka, and the slaves to kaunan; birth determines which rank a person will occupy. The distinctive features of the traditional houses (tongkonan) of the Toraja are the "buffalo horns", the roof design and the rich decoration on the walls. The buffalo is a symbol of status, courage, strength and fighting spirit. Designed as a representation on the universe, the tongkonan is constructed in three parts: the upper world (the roof), the world of humans (the middle of the building), and the underworld (the space under the floor). The highly distinctive roors constructed by the Toraja given rise to various ingenious interpretations. Certainly the roof is something of deep significance for the Toraja, and even today they build "modern" (in other words houses built with cement) houses with such roofs. Pilihlah jawaban dengan menekan tombol pilihan di kotak yang disediakan! 1. What is the text about? A. The culture of Toraja B. The society of Toraja C. The distinctive features of traditional houses D. The description of a traditional house of Toraja E. The ethnic groups of southwest and central Sulawesi 2. "... and even today they build modern ..." (Paragraph 3). The underlined word refers to A. Raja B. rengnge C. society D. Toraja People E. mountain region 3. What are the ordinary people commonly called? A. Tongkonan B. Makaka C. Celebes D. Rengnge E. Kaunan 4. Which of the following does not symbolize a buffalo? A. Status B. Courage C. Strength D. Cowardice E. Fighting Spirit
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