The United States of America’s oldest terrorist group is the notorious Ku Klux Klan or KKK for short. The terrorist organization is a white supremacy group that is against any person that is not Caucasian. The organization began during the civil war and the reconstruction of the United States of American after the civil war when the North defeated the South and it completely made African Americans citizens of the United States of America. Founded in the town of Pulaski, Tennessee in early 1866 by six Confederate Army veterans, the name Ku Klux Klan was an alteration of the Greek word for circle. Quoting the author of the article Carnival of Death: Lynching in America” that the Ku Klux Klan, “was formed because a group of young men were bored with post war Tennessee and, by their own admission; the club had no real purpose or goals.”(Gado).James Crowe was one of the founding fathers and said the Klan had no political significance and only was created to have fun, make mischief and play pranks on the public. The group often rode through rural areas dressed in outlandish costumes. The word soon spread that the white robed riders were actually ghosts of Confederate soldiers killed during the Civil War which were in fact false. Rumors said the ghosts had returned to take vengeance on certain people and the Klan began to harass African American residents by breaking up church meetings and other gatherings where African Americans were. White southerners really hated former slaves who thought they had the same rights as whites.(Gado) The Ku Klux Klan was built under the basic principles of love and the protection of home. According to the author of The Ku Klux Klan or The Invisible Empire, “no organization ever held loftier ideas or nobler purposes.”(Rose 25)It was made up of soldiers of the Confederacy returned to their homes and were forced to face the war penalty which was slave confiscation and Reconstruction under African American rule. The Ku Klux Klan formed because they felt the county they loved betrayed them by allowing African Americans decide what they could and could not do. (Rose 25-26) The Ku Klux Klan costumes were intended to bring the superstitious fears out of African Americans. There were no special instructions onto what the color or makeup of the costumes had to be just as long as they wore them. The Ku Klux Klan member could decide what the amount of money he wanted to spend on his costume. The Ku Klux Klan members main goal was to make them look as grotesque looking as possible. The robes always covered their entire body and sometimes the whole costume was just a plain old sheet. Their favorite costume color was white because it carried the idea that the Ku Klux Klan was a bunch of ghosts. The horses they rode were also covered in white sheets. The Ku Klux Klan would stitch a red cross on their left breast. The Ku Klux Klan would wear a white cloth mask and a high conical hat as well. After that the vision of the ghosts was complete. Under their robes they had their weapons belted to their waist which in most cases were pistols. (Rose 43-45) The Ku Klux Klan held parades frequently. Every detail was arranged trying to mystify and strike fear into the hearts and minds of the bystanders. The first parade was held in the town in which the Ku Klux Klan was founded in, Pulaski, Tennessee. It was held on July 4, 1867.There were notices scattered all over the town and country. The notices were placed on trees and fences and even the backs of cows and hogs. By nightfall there were people lined on the streets wondering in fear of what they were going to see. The Ku Klux Klan assembled in groups in the main roads ahead of them and they put on their costumes which they had hidden under their coats. They covered their horses white and blew a whistle to let them know to start the parade. Then they slowly and silently marched giving the impression that there were many of them but there were only a few. The parade...
Bibliography: October 3, 2002. October 9, 2014
The article is about the Ku Klux Klan during the Reconstruction era.
Buiansky, Stephen. The Bloody Shit Terror after the Civil War. London: Plume, 2008.
Gado, Mark, “Carnival of Death: Lynching in America”, CrimeLibrary.com. October 9, 2014
The article is about the history of lynching in the United States.
“KKK Acts of Terror”, KuKluxKlan.net .October 9, 2014
The article is about some of the crimes the KKK has committed.
“Ku Klux Klan”, History.com. 2009. October 9, 2014 http://history.com/topics/ku-klux-klan
The article is about basic facts on the Ku lux Klan.
“The Ku Klux Klan, a Brief Biography”, African American Registry.org. October 9, 2014 < http://www.aaregistry.org/historic_events/view/ku-klux-klan-brief-biography>
The article gives some historical background on the KKK.
Phelan, Ben, “Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest and the KKK”, PBS.org. January 16, 2009. October 9, 2014
The article is on how the general Forrest came into being a leader in the KKK.
“Rise of the Ku Klux Klan”, PBS.org. October 9, 2014
The article is about how the KKK came into being.
Rose, S.E.F. The Ku Klux Klan or the Invisible Empire. New Orleans: Graham co. 1914
The book is about how the KKK started off in the beginning.
Wormser, Richard,”Ku Klux Klan”, PBS.org. October 9, 2014 < http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/stories_org_kkk.html>
The article gives basic information about the KKK.
“White Only: Jim Crow in America”, American History. October 9, 2014 < http://americanhistory.si.edu/brown/history/1-segregated/white-only-1.html>
The article is about the Jim Crow laws arriving to America.
“White Supremacy and Terrorism”, PBS.org. October 9, 2014
The article is on how white supremacy increased after the civil war.
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