Royal University of Phnom Penh
Institute of Foreign Languages
Department of International Studies
Introduce to East
And Southeast Asia
Topic: Korean Reunification
Lecturer: TAN Sodany (TSD)
Class: DIS A1.2
Group Members: Dy Sophorn
Submitted date: June 16th 2014
Korea, called Hanguk in South Korea and Chosŏn in North Korea, is an East Asian territory that is divided into two distinct sovereign states, North Korea and South Korea. Located on the Korean Peninsula, Korea is bordered by China to the northwest and Russia to the northeast. It is separated from Japan to the east by the Korea Strait and the Sea of Japan (East Sea); it is separated from Taiwan to the south by the East China Sea. Throughout most of the 20th century, the Korean people have yearned for the establishment of an independent and unified Korean. Korean reunification refers to the potential future reunification of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (commonly known as North Korea), the Republic of Korea (commonly known as South Korea), and the Korean demilitarized zone under a single government. The process towards this was started by the June 15th, North – South joint declaration in June 2000, where the two countries agreed to work toward a peaceful reunification in the future. However, this process has always been met with many difficulties due to continuous tension between the two countries, which have become vastly different through over six decades of separation. That is why there are some questions have been asked why North Korea and South Korea could not be reunified as one country? Will both North and South Korea be reunified one day in the future?
My group has chosen “Korean Reunification” as a research topic in order to study more deeply about the roots of these two countries that still cannot reunify until nowadays. As we can see the cases of successful reunification of South Vietnam and North Vietnam which occurred in July 2nd 1976 when the provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam and North Vietnam merged to form the modern day Socialist Republic of Vietnam, as well as the successful of German reunification, which processed in October 03rd 1990 that the German Democratic Republic (known as East Germany) joined the Federal Republic of Germany (known as West Germany) to form the reunited of Germany. Why were South and North Vietnam, and both East Germany and West Germany could unify? How about South Korea and North Korea? Will these one nation two countries be reunification in the future? Because of those cases that make my group has an intention to study about the Korean reunification. Moreover, in order to understand about whether South and North Korea can be reunify to form the unique Korea under a single government or not? First, we have to define the reasons of Korean division. What were the main causes that made them separate? After we have understood about the reasons of their separation, we need to trace more about both Koreas reunification policies and try to discuss more about the alternative solutions in order to make a prediction whether both Koreas can be reunified in the future or not? Therefore, my group decided to collect and bring information from the secondary data such as: The Internet in order to facilitate our research. And this research my group will focus more about the annexation of Japan on Korea, the division of Korea, Korea war, post Korea’s wars, and the reunification policies that both Korea have taken the actions.
In 1592, with an army of approximately 158,000 troops, Toyotomi Hideyoshi launched what would end up being the first of two invasions of Korea, with the intent of conquering Joseon Korea and eventually Ming Dynasty China. Initially, the Japanese forces saw overwhelming success on land, capturing both Seoul and Pyongyang, and completing...
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