Korean

Topics: Trigraph, Touring car racing, Health Pages: 6 (556 words) Published: July 23, 2013
Pronunciation

Vowels

ㅏ [a]| ㅑ [ya]| ㅓ [eo]| ㅕ [yeo]|
ㅗ [o]| ㅛ [yo]| ㅜ [u]| ㅠ [yu]|
ㅡ [eu]| ㅣ [i]| | |

ㅐ [ae]| ㅒ [yae]| ㅔ [e]| ㅖ [ye]|
ㅘ [wa]| ㅙ [wae]| ㅚ [oe]| ㅝ [wo]|
ㅞ [we]| ㅟ [wi]| ㅢ [ui]| |

Consonants

ㄱ [g/k]| ㄴ [n]| ㄷ [d/t]| ㄹ [r/l]|
ㅁ [m]| ㅂ [b/p]| ㅅ [s]| ㅇ [ng]|
ㅈ [j]| ㅊ [ch]| ㅋ [k]| ㅌ [t]|
ㅍ [p]| ㅎ [h]| | |

ㄲ [kk]| ㄸ [tt]| ㅃ [pp]| ㅆ [ss]|
ㅉ [jj]| | | |

Final Consonant

Final Consonant| Pronunciation|
ㄱ, ㅋ, ㄲ| [k]|
| [n]|
ㄷ, ㅅ, ㅆ, ㅈ, ㅊ, ㅌ, ㅎ| [t]|
| [l]|
| [m]|
ㅂ, ㅍ| [p]|
| [o]|

Consonant

Plain consonant
ㄱ, ㄴ, ㄷ, ㄹ, ㅁ, ㅂ, ㅅ, ㅇ

Aspirated consonant
ㅊ, ㅋ, ㅌ, ㅍ, ㅎ

Tensed consonant
ㄲ, ㄸ, ㅃ, ㅆ, ㅉ

Pronunciation Rules

1.Syllable-Final Consonants Pronunciation

Initial position| →| CV| | |
| | C| ←| Final position|

Group 1ㄴ ㄹ ㅁ ㅇ
No Change => 산 말 강

Group 2ㄱ ㅋ ㄲ
ㄱ => 억 엌 엮

Group 3ㅂ ㅍ
ㅂ => 밥 엎

Group 4ㄷ ㅅ ㅈ ㅊ ㅌ ㅎ ㅆ
ㄷ => 옷 꽃 잦

Pronunciation Rules

2.Tensing

CVC| +| CV| | CVC| CV|
| | ↑| | | ↑|
ㄱ ㅋ ㄲ ㄷ ㅌ ㅂ ㅍ ㅅ ㅆ ㅈ ㅊ| | ㄱ ㄷ ㅂ ㅅ ㅈ| | | ㄲ ㄸ ㅃ ㅆ ㅉ|

학 교=> /학꾜/
책상=> /책쌍/
극장=> /극 짱/
식당=> /식땅/

Pronunciation Rules

3.Liaison

CVC| +| CV| | CV| CV|
| | ↑| | | ↑|
18Consonants(except ㅇ)| | ㅇ| | | 18Consonants|

있어요=> /이써요/
꽃이=> /꼬치/
금요일=> /그 묘일/
몇일=> /며칠/

Simple Greetings (인사)

1.안녕하세요?

Meaning
How are you today?
Good morning/ afternoon/ evening!
How are you?

Origin
Are you safe and healthy?

Usage
This expression is used:
A.When you meet people and exchange greetings.
B.When you encounter your colleagues at your company in the morning or then you meet your classmates in the morning.

Simple Greetings (인사)

2.안녕히 계세요.

Meaning
See you again. Good-bye.

Origin
안녕히 means ‘safety and healthily’. 계세요 means ‘stay home’. A literal translation of안녕히 계세요 means ‘Please be Safe and healthy at home’.

Usage
This expression is used:
A. When you leave a person behind,
B. When you end a phone conversation.

Simple Greetings (인사)

3.안녕히 가세요.

Meaning
Good-bye! Please be careful on your way back home.

Origin
안녕히is the same as in 2 above. 가세요means ‘go’ or ‘return". A literal translation of안녕히 가세요is ‘go safely’.

Usage
This expression is used:
A. When a visitor departs
B. When people part with each other.

Simple Greetings (인사)

4.감사합니다 (Formal Polite) * 고마워요

Meaning
Thank you very much.

Origin
감사 means ‘thank’ or ‘appreciation’.

5.천만에요

Meaning
You are welcome. Don’t mention it. Not at all.

Origin
천만 means ‘unexpectedness’.

Simple Greetings (인사)

6.미안합니다 (Formal Polite) * 미안해요

Meaning
I am sorry.

7.괜찮습니다 (Formal Polite) * 괜찮아요

Meaning
I am O.K. Never mind. It’s fine. I am not afraid

Origin
This expression is a negative form of 괜찮다. A literal meaning of괜찮다is ‘to be useless' or ‘to no point’.

Usage
This expression is used:

A.When the situation in which one is in is OK, or it poses no problem;

B.When one is asked about his or her health Condition;

C.When one returns a compliment on being complimented?

D.When one asks about others’ conveniences in the interrogative form.
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