Knowledge and Attitude on Blood Donation

Topics: Blood, Blood donation, Blood bank Pages: 22 (7826 words) Published: August 27, 2013
CHAPTER I
The Problem and Its Background
INTRODUCTION
Republic Act 7719, this Act shall be known as the "National Blood Services Act of 1994" promoting voluntary blood donation, providing for an adequate supply of safe blood and encourage voluntary blood donation by the citizenry and to instill public consciousness of the principle that blood donation is an humanitarian act. In the developed world, blood donors are unpaid volunteers who give blood for a community supply. In poor countries, supplies are limited and donors usually give blood when family or friends need a transfusion. Most of the donors donate as an act of charity, but some are paid and in some cases there are incentives other than money such as paid time from work. Potential donors are being evaluated for reasons that make their blood unsafe to use. The donor is also asked about medical history and given a short physical examination to make sure that the donation is not hazardous to his or her health. In addition, strictly enforced screening guidelines and eligibility requirements, to make sure that donated blood will not harm the donor reduce the number of people who are eligible to donate. The blood and blood components can be obtained from volunteer donors, direct donors, paid donors. Volunteer donors are carefully screened and interviewed before donation of blood, direct donors are usually friends or family members recruited by the recipient to donate blood and the blood is designated specifically for transfusion to that specific recipient, if the intended recipient does not use the blood it may be use for any patient. The amount of blood that is being drawn and the methods vary. The collection can be done manually or with automated equipment that only takes specific portions of the blood. Most of the components of the blood used for transfusions, and maintaining a constant supply is a persistent problem. The slogan “New blood for the world” wants to encourage young people all over the world to become blood donors. There is a shortage of blood all over the world because blood can be stored only in a short period of time before use. There is more demand than supply of blood due to limited blood donation. According to World Health Organization statistics 80 countries have recorded low blood donation rates and of these, 79 are developing nations. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

A total of 147,750 blood donors gave blood to the Red Cross (PRC) on 2009. The Philippine red cross was able to serve 43% of the Philippines total blood collection on 2009, total demand (1% of the population): 900,000 blood units, total collection (DOH and PRC): 550,000 blood units, total PRC collection: 239, 818 blood units. The blood donor card is given an individual who voluntarily and selflessly donated his blood. This will serve as a record of donation which may also be used as a reference for the awards given to a regular blood donor every Recognition Day each year. One of the programs on blood donation are; NSTP coordination among universities and colleges. Blood donation activities are incorporated in the NSTP as part of the school curriculum. Students under this program are encouraged to participate in bloodletting activities; Pledge 25. A project of the Philippine Red Cross (PRC) – Red Cross Youth Department or (RCY) in support of voluntary blood donation drives. It is a group of young blood givers where members after being motivated to become voluntary blood donors, will pledge to regularly donate blood 3-4 times a year starting the age of 18 until they reach the age of 25 years old. After this period they will be joining other blood donors group as: Blood Galloners’ Club of the National Services for their regular and continues blood donation; 143 Program. A group of volunteers on every barangay consisting of 42 members and a leader, registered at the PRC pool of volunteers. It aims to encourage community participation in every barangay. From the 42 members, 25 will become...

Bibliography: Brown, J. L., Sheffield, D., Leary, M. R., & Robinson, M. E. (2003). Social support and experimental pain. Psychosomatic Medicine, 65(2), 276-283.
Stephen N. Review of the Australian blood banking and plasma product sector, a report to the Commonwealth minister for health and aged care by a committee chaired by the Rt, Hon Sir Ninian Stephen. AGPS: Canberra, 2001.
1) Percentage and rank. To get the percentage of the respondents’ demographic profile, the total frequency is divided by the number of cases multiplied by 100. (Calmorin, L.,2001). The formula is:
F
2) Weighted average (WM). The weighted average is obtained by multiplying the number of responses by the given weight and dividing results by the total number of respondents (Calmorin.L.,2001)
∑ wf
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