Kitchener's Five Moral Principles

Better Essays
Part I:
Kitchener (1984) identified five moral principles that are viewed as the cornerstone of our ethical guidelines. The five principles, autonomy, justice, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and fidelity. 1. Autonomy is the principle that addresses the concept of independence. The essence of this principle is allowing an individual the freedom of choice and action. It addresses the responsibility of the counselor to encourage clients, when appropriate, to make their own decisions and to act on their own values. There are two important considerations in encouraging clients to be autonomous. First, helping the client to understand how their decisions and their values may or may not be received within the context of the society in which they live, and how they may impinge on the rights of others. The second consideration is related to the client's ability to make sound and rational decisions. Persons not capable of making competent choices, such as children, and some individuals with mental handicaps, should not be allowed to act on decisions that could harm themselves or others.

2. Nonmaleficence is the concept of not causing harm to others. Often explained as "above all do no harm", this principle is considered by some to be the most critical of all the principles, even though theoretically they are all of equal weight (Kitchener, 1984; Rosenbaum, 1982; Stadler, 1986). This principle reflects both the idea of not inflicting intentional harm, and not engaging in actions that risk harming others (Forester-Miller & Rubenstein, 1992).

3. Beneficence reflects the counselor's responsibility to contribute to the welfare of the client. Simply stated it means to do good, to be proactive and also to prevent harm when possible (Forester-Miller & Rubenstein, 1992).

4. Justice does not mean treating all individuals the same. Kitchener (1984) points out that the formal meaning of justice is "treating equals equally and unequals unequally but in

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Satisfactory Essays

    5 Moral Principles

    • 379 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Marriage My 5 Moral Principles Equality Amongst All Human Beings Principles of Right and Wrong Principles of Life Principles of Individuality Principles of Religion Same Gender Marriage Equality Amongst All Human Beings- There is no violation in equality amongst all human beings. Because everyone has the right to do what they want with their life. As human beings we are all equal to make our own choices. Whether that may be to be married civilly or in common law. Principles of Right and Wrong-…

    • 379 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Five Moral Habits

    • 755 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Question 6:1: Of these five moral habits and practices, which do you think you are best at presently? Which of these habits, if any, would you like to do more to cultivate? Of these five moral habits and practices, presently I think I am best at “Self-Reflection/Examination”. After moving to US, there were many instances where I had to actually look into what kind of a person I am, what I have become or what I intend to be. Instance: “This is my personal experience” “You can achieve everything…

    • 755 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Ethics - Moral Principles

    • 1037 Words
    • 5 Pages

    The term ethics is defined as a system of moral principles. When incorporating ethics with business it is extremely difficult to determine what is considered moral or immoral, as well as what is judged as justice in society. One viewpoint on this topic opposes justice can be compatible with business. The other viewpoint believes there is a line that draws between good and bad; it really depends upon the motive of the action. Is business ethics possible in our present day society? Matigari, a…

    • 1037 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    A Supreme Moral Principle

    • 326 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Jack Daniels Philosophy Professor B April 30th, 2011 A Supreme Moral Principle “The Golden Rule”, is it a universal rule or a rule to another hippie-saying? The Golden Rule is to “Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.” Before I read this piece of writing I was a strong believer of the Golden Rule, but as I read this section I slowly changed my outlook on life pertaining to the Golden Rule. My views changed as I’ve became more knowledgeable to different cultures and ideals of…

    • 326 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    mars the five principles

    • 3007 Words
    • 14 Pages

    paper, 100% chlorine free in manufacture Mars, Incorporated The Five Principles of Mars Quality Responsibility Mutuality Efficiency Freedom The Five Principles of Mars We at Mars share special values about our company and the way it should be run. These values – our Five Principles – set us apart from others, requiring that we think and act differently towards our associates, our brands and our business. These principles have always been demanding and are an essential part of our heritage…

    • 3007 Words
    • 14 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    In reading table 1-4, The Magnificent Seven: General Moral Principles for Managers, a genuinely popular animated cartoon series came to mind, “Justice League”. The series presented distinct superheroes acquiring unique capabilities contributing towards resolving problems while protecting humanity. Similarly, managers possessing the seven magnificent characteristics makes them superheroes within their organization. Whole Foods has created superheroes in their organization. These heroes may acquire…

    • 308 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Best Essays

    Running Head: THE MORAL PRINCIPLES OF PREMARTIAL SEX The Moral Principles of Premarital Sex English 2 Katherine Fitch Madison College Author Note This paper was prepared for English 2, taught by Mary Sarko. THE MORAL PRINCIPLES OF PREMARTIAL SEX Abstract Over many years, the views of premarital sex have been becoming increasingly more tolerant. The whole reasoning behind why sex was created is lost in the minds of society and used for pleasure and own physical satisfaction. There are…

    • 3049 Words
    • 13 Pages
    Best Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    chowdhury 122 116 032 Rubel talukder jony 122 116 035 Ajoy chowdhury 122 116 037 Rupok kumar deb 122 116 020 Bijoy chowdhury 122 116 039 1.The Moral Dimensions of Information Systems The moral dimensions that can control the major ethical and social concerns generated by information systems are as follows: (i) Information Right and Obligation What information rights do individuals and organizations possess with respect…

    • 619 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Harper Lee is able to convey the necessary moral principle that all humans are equal in To Kill a Mockingbird through conflicts and wisdom. In the 1930’s, Maycomb, Alabama was an exceptionally, racially divided town in Alabama. In the book, Atticus is asked to defend Tom Robinson, an African American who is accused of raping a white woman. Since segregation and racism are evident in Maycomb, it is clear what the verdict of the trial would be. When Jem and Atticus are discussing the trial after it…

    • 355 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    you answered no in the beginning of this paragraph you will certainly change your mind by the end of this essay. Popular Sovereignty, to me, is one of the top three principles government. Without it, the executive will change into a dictator. All the writings come together and support this principle. The Magna Carta states that, “except of the lawful judgment of his equals”. This is relevant to popular sovereignty because the people are involved otherwise, the people are the government…

    • 647 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays