King Philip’s Herds: Indians, Colonists, and the Problem of Livestock in Early New England In her article, King Philip’s Herds: Indians, Colonists, and the Problem of Livestock in Early New England, Anderson describes the events that occurred between the European and the Native American, specifically the Wampanoag Indian, and how the events led to the outbreak of the King Philip War.
King Philip, also known as Metacom, was the son of Massasoit and the sachem of the Wampanoag. He has been describes as a savage chieftain, and impeccable foe of innocent Christian settlers, and also a doomed victim of European aggressors. King Philip is important because he stood up against the European oppressors and fought for the Indians. He became a war leader when he decided to fight back against the colonist because of their poor treatment of the Indian and lead the Wampanoag Indian in what was known as the King Philip War. When the Indians encountered the European livestock, they found them very peculiar. They were confused on what to called them so they looked from similar qualities between the livestock and their indigenous animals and used the same name for both. Since most domesticated livestock didn’t have any similarities, the Indians used neologism and gave most of then Indian names such as cowsnuck, goatesuck, hogsuck or pigsuck. Indians were not very fond of livestock and the idea of animal husbandry did not look very appealing to them. The main reason for the Native American’s negative feelings towards European livestock was because it arose conflicts with the native practices and beliefs. The concept of livestock stuck the Indian as very unusual. They couldn’t grasp the concept of owning a live animal. The Indian has a predetermined mindset that one could only own dead animals, which the hunter shared with their families. The adoption of livestock also disrupted the traditional gender-based division of labor, creating confusion on which gender would