King of Fire, Bharat Ratna. Dr.A.P.J.Abdul Kalam

Topics: India, A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, Bharat Ratna Pages: 2 (579 words) Published: July 25, 2010
Dr. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam (born October 15, 1931) is an Indian scientist and engineer. He became President of India in 2002. He is well known as Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam or Abdul Kalam.DR. A.P.J. ABDUL KALAM .... Profile of India'a First Citizen Born on 15th October 1931 at Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu, Dr. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, specialized in Aeronautical Engineering from Madras Institute of Technology. Dr. Kalam made significant contribution as Project Director to develop India's first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV-III) which successfully injected the Rohini satellite in the near earth orbit in July 1980 and made India an exclusive member of Space Club. He was responsible for the evolution of ISRO's launch vehicle programme, particularly the PSLV configuration. After working for two decades in ISRO and mastering launch vehicle technologies, Dr. Kalam took up the responsibility of developing Indigenous Guided Missiles at Defence Research and Development Organisation as the Chief Executive of Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP). He was responsible for the development and operationalisation of AGNI and PRITHVI Missiles and for building indigenous capability in critical technologies through networking of multiple institutions. He was the Scientific Adviser to Defence Minister and Secretary, Department of Defence Research & Development from July 1992 to December 1999. During this period he led to the weaponisation of strategic missile systems and the Pokhran-II nuclear tests in collaboration with Department of Atomic Energy, which made India a nuclear weapon State. He also gave thrust to self-reliance in defence systems by progressing multiple development tasks and mission projects such as Light Combat Aircraft. As Chairman of Technology Information, Forecasting and Assessment Council (FIFA.C) and as an eminent scientist, he led the country with the help of 500 experts to arrive at Technology Vision 2020 giving...
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