Kinesiology: Clavicle and Joint

Topics: Pages: 20 (4877 words) / Published: Jan 2nd, 2013
Kinesiology
Introduction:
The word comes from the Greek words kinesis (movement) and kinein (to move).
Kinesiology, also known as human kinetics, is the scientific study of human movement. Kinesiology addresses physiological, mechanical, and psychological mechanisms. Applications of kinesiology to human health include: biomechanics and orthopedics, strength & conditioning, sport psychology, rehabilitation, such as physical and occupational therapy, as well as sport and exercise.
Kinesiology is the study of human movement, performance, and function by applying the sciences of biomechanics, anatomy, physiology, psychology, and neuroscience. Applications of kinesiology in human health include physical education teacher, the rehabilitation professions, such as physical and occupational therapy, as well as applications in the sport and exercise industries.
Kinesiology is associated with the assessment of movement, performance, and function; and the rehabilitation, prevention, and management of disorders to maintain, rehabilitate, and enhance movement, performance, and function in the areas of sport, recreation, work, exercise, and general activities of daily living.
Major Divisions of the Human Body
The human body can be divided into two major sections;
1. The Axial Body
2. The Appendicular Body
Axial Body
The axial body is the central core axis of the body and contains the following body parts;
Head
Neck
Trunk
Appendicular Body
The appendicular body is made up of appendages that are added onto the axial body. The appendicular body can be divided into the right and left upper extremities and the right and left lower extremities.
An upper extremity contains the following body parts;
Shoulder girdle (the scapula and clavicle)
Arm
Forearm
Hand
A lower extremity contains the following body parts;
Pelvis
Thigh
Leg
Foot

In the following diagram the bones of axial and appendicular skeleton are shown.

Anatomical Position
Although the human body

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