Kine 300 Review

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Kine 3000 Review

Lecture 1.

Non-scientific method of knowing:

Tenacity: clinging to beliefs such as superstition

Intuition: common-sense/self evident truths.

Authority: Accepting authority's truth (church)

Rationalistic method: Logic

Lecture 2 Exercise on Mood

Narrative review: systemic review that synthesizes individual studies narratively

Meta-analysis: results of individual studies are grouped together to draw reasonable conclusions (results are converted to effect size)

Moderator variable: affects strength + direction of IV + DV

Epidemiological studies: longitudinal studies

POMS=Profile of Mood States: vigor is positive, anger and fatigue and tension and confusion are negative

EIFI= Exercise Induced Feelings Inventory: designed to assess psyc effects of exercise in 4 areas: revitalization, tranquility, + engagement and physical exhaustion.

Mirror study: having a mirror = low tranquility and diminished ES on revitalization.

Overall ES of exercise on mood = Medium

Cognitive explanations: Expectancy hypothesis, Distraction hypothesis, Sense of mastery/achievement.

Physiological explanations: Thermogenic hypothesis, Endorphins "Exercise high", Serotonin hypothesis, Opponent - process hypothesis that the brain is designed to oppose either pleasurable/aversive emotional processes to bring system back to homeostasis.

Exercise dependence: A behavioural process in which the need for exercise is so high that it controls the persons life. Primary (good) Vs. Secondary (Bad)

Lecture 3 P.A. on Depression and anxiety

Primary prevention: Prevention in healthy people -- P.A. and non-clinical depression S-M E.S.

Secondary prevention: early treatment + resolution in people that are already sick - P.A. + clinical depression M-L E.S. (L due to an authority figure taking care of you)

Treatments: Psychotherapy (expansive), Medication (Anti-Dep. such as prozac,cellexa), Clinical depression study: exercise alone

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