Objectives of being a National Park
National parks play a major role in protecting and managing our environment by preserving certain areas in Ireland and the rest of the world. National parks protect species of flora and fauna as well as protecting the soil and waterways. They provide a habitat and environment for natural species without human interference. National parks are important for our future because if some species are depleted or become extinct they will endanger our survival. National Parks are designated for two primary management objectives with equal emphasis on each, conservation of species and genetic diversity; and tourism and recreation. Secondary objectives of National Parks include scientific and educational uses such as research and teaching respectively, which are likely compatible with the primary goals. The primary features are the main objectives and are areas such as conservation which is simply the preservation, protection and restoration of the natural environment, natural ecosystems, vegetation and wildlife. The other primary objective being tourism and recreation, which is simply activities being done for enjoyment and leisure, these may include activities such as walking, hiking, bird watching, painting ect.. The research and educational aspects of the park fall into the secondary objectives, the education is the theory and practice of teaching the information about the wildlife parks. The research can be a little more complicated as it may involve more detailed study rather than just an overview, it is the investigation into the flora and faunas of the parks in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions (www.npws.ie). Killarney National Park Co. Kerry in a great example of how these objectives were put in place. In 1969, the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) recommended that all governments agree to reserve the term 'National Park' to areas sharing the following characteristics: * Where one or...
References: * Cronon, W., 1995. The trouble with wilderness; or, getting back to the wrong nature. In W. Cronon (Ed.) Uncommon Ground: Rethinking the Human Place in Nature (pp. 69-90). New York: Norton
* Morgan, J.M., 1996. Resources, recreationists, and revenues: a policy dilemma for today’s State Park Systems. Environmental Ethics, Vol. 18(3), pp. 279-290.
* Rogers, C.M.L., (1993) A woody vegetation survey of Hwange National Park. Published Report. Department of National Parks and Wildlife Management, Zimbabwe. Harare, Zimbabwe
* Stankey, G. H., 1989. Tourism and national parks: peril and potential. In P. Bateson, S. Nyman and D. Sheppard (Eds) National Parks and Tourism. Proceedings of a Seminar in Sydney (pp. 11-18). Hurstville: NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service.
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