Keystone

Topics: Petroleum, Keystone Pipeline, Athabasca Oil Sands Pages: 4 (1343 words) Published: May 7, 2013
Kent Clark

Andrew Watson

ENG 1020-057

4/24/2013

Annotated Bibliography

Biello, David. "A dirty business." Scientific American 308.2 (2013): 14. The author describes the dirty tar oil sands in Alberta, Canada. His main focus is about global warming and climate change. This article is relevant to my final essay because its main focus is on how the pipeline affects global warming. Biello explains that these oil sands emit twice as much greenhouse gas per barrel compared to Saudi Arabia’s oil. He believes that some environmental scientists see tapping the oil sands as a disastrous tipping point for global warming. His perspective is that we seek to reduce our dependency on fossil fuels.

Koening, Brian. “Approving The Keystone XL Pipeline.” New American. 27 .20 12 Mar 2011: 15-18. The author in this newspaper article gives more of an opposition to my other sources. He is trying to persuade people into approving the pipeline. Koening says pipelines do occasionally leak but does not believe it will contaminate the water supply for millions. Him saying this leaves me to believe that he doesn’t know the importance of the Ogallala aquifer. Which is a huge topic of persuasion for me in my final essay. Koening somewhat bashes environmentalists in this article and portrays global warming to be not that important of an issue. His approval of the pipeline will be an important factor for my final essay because his viewpoints are contrast of mine. Lovell, Bryan. Challenged by Carbon The Oil Industry and Climate Change. 1st. 1. New York City: Cambridge University Press, 2010. 1-196. Here the author challenges both sides of the debate between the environmentalists and the oil industry. Lovell is a geologist, oilman, academic author and erstwhile politician, which makes him a very reliable source to fall back on. He wants people to take responsibility towards elected officials because we need to establish an international framework of policy and...

Bibliography: Biello, David. "A dirty business." Scientific American 308.2 (2013): 14. The author describes the dirty tar oil sands in Alberta, Canada. His main focus is about global warming and climate change. This article is relevant to my final essay because its main focus is on how the pipeline affects global warming. Biello explains that these oil sands emit twice as much greenhouse gas per barrel compared to Saudi Arabia’s oil. He believes that some environmental scientists see tapping the oil sands as a disastrous tipping point for global warming. His perspective is that we seek to reduce our dependency on fossil fuels.
Koening, Brian. “Approving The Keystone XL Pipeline.” New American. 27 .20 12 Mar 2011: 15-18. The author in this newspaper article gives more of an opposition to my other sources. He is trying to persuade people into approving the pipeline. Koening says pipelines do occasionally leak but does not believe it will contaminate the water supply for millions. Him saying this leaves me to believe that he doesn’t know the importance of the Ogallala aquifer. Which is a huge topic of persuasion for me in my final essay. Koening somewhat bashes environmentalists in this article and portrays global warming to be not that important of an issue. His approval of the pipeline will be an important factor for my final essay because his viewpoints are contrast of mine.
Lovell, Bryan. Challenged by Carbon The Oil Industry and Climate Change. 1st. 1. New York City: Cambridge University Press, 2010. 1-196. Here the author challenges both sides of the debate between the environmentalists and the oil industry. Lovell is a geologist, oilman, academic author and erstwhile politician, which makes him a very reliable source to fall back on. He wants people to take responsibility towards elected officials because we need to establish an international framework of policy and regulation. His discussion on both sides of the debate lets me see the overall big picture. He does not discuss his viewpoint rather more of proposition on what people should do.
Mckibben, Bill. "The Pipeline Revolt." Rolling Stone. 11 Mar 2011: 39. Print. The author describes his story of protesting against the Keystone XL pipeline in Washington, D.C. He uses his experiences as a way to persuade people into rejecting the pipeline. If the pipeline is approved many believe it will create a “jobs bonanza” but Mckibben states it will create 6,000 jobs at best. This makes for a huge topic of debate and will be crucial for my final essay into having people reject the pipeline. Also the controversy of gas prices is discussed in this article and Mckibben says the pipeline will increase gas prices not lower them. Like many of my other sources the issue of gas prices is a big controversy. He uses a lot of pathos in this article, especially when he states when he huge topic of debate. Mckibben’s views are similar to mine and his arguments will enhance my final essay.
Nikiforuk, Andrew. Tar Sands Dirty Oil and the Future of a Continent. 2nd. Vancouver, B.C.: Greystone Books An imprint of D&M Publishers Inc., 2010. 1-199. The author gives a critical expose of the Alberta oil sands and that these have made Canada one of the worst environmental offenders on earth. He describes the megaproject as the world’s ugliest hydrocarbon extraction and that we are polluting our air, poising our water, destroying vast areas of boreal forest, and undermining democracy itself. His book relates well to some of my other sources because his main focus is on the dirty oil sands. These oil sands are some of the biggest polluters to our environment. Describing these oil sands as one of the worst factors affecting global warming. This will be a major persuading approach for my final essay.
Palliser, Janna. "The Keystone XL pipeline." Science Scope Summer 2012: 8+. The author in this article gives a pros and cons approach to the proposed pipeline. She gives an overall explanation of what the project proposes and describes the construction it will entail. The way she explains the positives and consequences is key to my final essay because I can look at both sides of the spectrum. She never says that she agrees or disagrees with the proposed pipeline, which is important because she doesn’t give a biased opinion. Overall her consequences outweigh her positives. I see this as way into persuading people into rejecting the pipeline because it shows me that the consequences will be devastating.
Slade, Edwin. "The Keystone Pipeline Addition: Assessing The Potential Benefits Of Reduced Gasoline Prices And Increased National Security." Creighton Law Review 46.1 (2012): 27-60. The author discusses the potential benefits associated with the proposed pipeline. He center’s most of his attention on the possible impacts on gasoline prices, national security, and energy independence. Slade sees the proposed project as being beneficial for the U.S. economy and it seems that he approves the pipeline. He has a huge section on potential gas prices and this issue is going to be the most topic of debate for me. He says it will lower gas prices but in the other articles I’ve read they say it will increase prices, so this is something that I need to dig deeper into.
Spatding, Roy F., and Aaron J. Hirsh. "Risk-Managed Approach For Routing Petroleum Pipelines: Keystone XL Pipeline, Nebraska." Environmental Science & Technology 46.23 (2012): 12754-12758. In this article the author discusses the proposed pipelines route over sensitive land underlain by the Ogallala aquifer. His main concern is about rerouting the pipeline from the Sand Hills of Nebraska because of the threats of water contamination. Being from this area I understand why this is a major concern. The aquifer is crucial for Nebraska’s agriculture business and having family who are framers and ranchers from this area makes for a big deal of controversy. Spatding pays most of his attention on how the pipeline will disrupt Nebraska’s environment. All of his views are appropriate for my final essay because he is a credible source that his from the same area as me. I feel this will be one of my strongest persuasion techniques into having people reject the pipeline.
"EPA rebukes State Department 's approval of Keystone XL pipeline." RT. N.p., 24 Apr 2013. Web. http://rt.com/usa/keystone. In this website they detail the recent EPA’s approach to rebuking the State Department’s approval of Keystone XL pipeline. The EPA characterizes that the State Department’s proposal as “insufficient information,” and should go back and address a number of issues, including an analysis of oil spill risks, alternative pipeline routes and the possible dangers of greenhouse gas emissions. They have some well-known environmentalists on their team that are credible sources. Jim Murphy, National Wildlife Federation senior counsel, tells the Los Angeles Times that the president should reject the pipeline because he knows risks involved. The EPA sees that the Keystone XL would have significant negative environmental impacts. This will be crucial for my final essay because this is exactly how I feel about the issue.
"Trans Canada." Keystone XL Pipeline. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Apr 2013. . This website describes the Keystone XL pipeline project in whole. It gives a positive outlook on what could be if the pipeline is approved. It see’s the pipeline as a stepping-stone out of an economic downfall. The website gives all the benefits and facts about what the pipeline will bring but does not discuss any environmental hazards. They describe the pipeline as the safest and most advanced pipeline operation in North America and that it will provide jobs, long-term energy independence, and a boost to the economy. This website is pretty biased and only focuses on the benefits the proposed project will bring. I see this useful for my final essay because it shows me “what could be” if the pipeline is approved.
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