MASTERPLAN FOR COLD STORAGE REQUIREMENTS IN KERALA
GOVT. OF INDIA MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND CO-OPERATION DIRECTORATE OF MARKETING AND INSPECTION HEAD OFFICE, FARIDABAD-121001
Cold storages form the most important element for proper storage and distribution of vide variety of perishables, especially fruits and vegetables. According to a rough estimate 25% of fruits and vegetables worth crores of rupees are spoiled every year for want of adequate post harvest technologies including cold storages. It is therefore necessary that cold storages are to be constructed in major producing as well as consuming centers. Kerala is considered as a consumer state as it imports almost all fruits and vegetables from neighbouring states. The annual growth rate in the area of food grain is negative in the state. Since there is no cultivation of generally cold stored items like apple, potato, oranges, chilly, tamarind etc. in the state, the growth of cold storages for horticultural items is very slow. Even after the announcement of capital linked subsidy scheme by the Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India, there is not much development in the field. Almost 95% of the cold storages in the state are for the storage of marine products and for the captive use of exporters. Even though there is not much production, considering the huge arrivals of fruits and vegetables in the markets across the state, there is a need to construct cold storages in the major cities of the state. Considering the fact that Kerala imports most of the vegetables and fruits from outside states, on a daily basis, cold chain system may be the ideal solution for Kerala. Before establishing a cold storage, the first thing an entrepreneur has to do is to identify the locality of the cold storage. The cold storages are to be established in areas where there is potential. Considering the increasing operational cost, viability of the cold storage is an important thing to be studied before constructing it. The report was prepared by Shri. M.M.Jose, Sr. Marketing Devt. Officer, Kochi under the technical guidance of Shri. A.P.Bhatnagar, Director(CSR)(Retd), HO, Faridabad. The Govt. of India may not be responsible for any of the views expressed in this report.
Sd/ P.K.Agarwal Agricultural Marketing Advisor to G/I
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INTRODUCTION COLD STORAGE REQUIREMENTS OBJECTIVE METHODOLOGY DISTRICT-WISE REQUIREMENTS SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION
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VII. OPTIMUM STORGAE REQUIREMENTS
Cold storage plays an important role in the preservation of perishables especially fruits and vegetables. It helps in scientific preservation of perishables, stabilizes prices by regulating marketing period and supplies. It also helps the primary producer from distress sale and encourages farmers to produce more. In view of the fall in prices of fruits and vegetables immediately after harvest and to avoid spoilage of fruits and vegetables worth crores of rupees, it has become necessary to create cold storage facility in the producing as well as consuming centers to take care of the existing and projected production of fruits and vegetables. The most obvious losses after harvest are caused by mechanical injury, decay and aging. Losses in moisture, vitamins, sugars and starches are less obvious, but they adversely affect quality and nutrition. Rough handling and holding at undesirably high temperature or too low temperature increase losses. Such losses can be substantially reduced by adopting the recommended cold storage practices.
1.1 Product quality and suitability
Maximum storage life can be obtained only by storage of high quality commodities soon after harvest. Different lots of fruits and vegetables may vary greatly in their storage behavior. Storage potential may be influenced by variety, climate, soil and cultural conditions, maturity and handling practices. When products are...
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