By Robertson Ndegwa Ngunyi 罗伯特 Paper submitted for Ecotourism Final Exam to Sun Yat Sen University, Doctorate in Tourism Management School of Business, Department of Hotel and Tourism Management Professor Liu Yan December, 2009
Keywords: Protected areas, Sustainability, Community Based Tourism, Maasai, Safari
Ecotourism and Sustainable Development in Kenya
Robertson Ndegwa Ngunyi
The purpose of this paper is to provide abridgment of the current state of affairs in Kenya, critically examine the impacts and the challenges of ecotourism; investigate the potential of ecotourism as a strategy for sustainable development and suggest ways to improve Ecotourism in Kenya. What are the main challenges of Ecotourism? What are the feasible benefits that can ecotourism bring? Lastly is Ecotourism in Kenya sustainable? The paper also attempts to discuss the Kenya’s SWOT analysis as an Ecotourism destination, the protected areas including national parks and reserves, and some of the organisations promoting ecotourism in Kenya. To further explain this, the paper has used an Eco rating of lodges in Kenya by Ecotourism Kenya and given a case study of an Eco rate lodge. The writer has also discussed the implications and way forward for sustainable tourism in Kenya.
Table of Contents 1. Introduction 2. Ecotourism and sustainable Development 2.1. 2.2. 2.3. Meaning of ecotourism Principles of Ecotourism Sustainable tourism development Page 4 4 4 7 8 10 10 11 14 16 17 18 21 22 22 23 24 25 26 28 29 31 33 36 38 45
3. The growth of Ecotourism in Kenya 3.1. 3.2. 3.3. 3.4. 3.5. History of ecotourism in Kenya Growth of Ecotourism in Kenya Tourism trends in Kenya Institution structure of Tourism in Kenya Ecotourism and related organisations
4. Protected areas 4.1 Proportion of wildlife in protected areas 5. Impacts and challenges 5.1. 5.2. 5.3. 5.4. 5.5. Economic Sociocultural Environmental Political Kenya SWOT Analysis