kavkasii rus

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Topics: Georgia
City – Tbilisi History of the Tbilisi capital of Republic of Georgia is begins from the 5th century. During its 1500-year history of Tbilisi was an important cultural, political and economic center in the Caucasus. He was at the crossroads of important trade routes and was about twenty times occupied by foreign enemies. From 1918 to 1921 it was the capital of the Democratic Republic of Georgia, but since 1991 it became the capital of independent - Georgia.
Georgia is located in the mountains South Caucasus region of Eurasia, straddling Western Asia and Eastern Europe between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea. Georgia’s northern border with Russia roughly runs along the crest of the Greater Caucasus mountain range – a commonly reckoned boundary between Europe and Asia. To be more specific, it is bounded the west by Black Sea, to the north by Russia, to the south by Turkey and Armenia, and to the east by Azerbaijan. Georgia covers an area of 69,875 square kilometers (26,979 sq mi), while Tbilisi covers 726 square kilometers (280 sq mi). Tbilisi is one of the oldest cities between the World Cities. It is built on the bank of the River Mtkvari and surrounded by mountains on three sides. To the east it is bounded by the mountain Makhata, from the south by the mountain Sololaki and on the west by mountain Mtatsminda, which was the natural defensive fortification. But only the northern side was relatively open. Archeological evidence shows that there was a settlement BC. This place en route to the Commerce - Boat and caravan roads.
According to legend, the city's territory was covered by forests was still in 458. When King Vakhtang I Gorgasali was hunting in the woods, his pheasant wounded falcon (in another version - the deer). Wounded animal ran to the sulfur springs. By water it healed and run away, escaped. Surprised by such an event, the king ordered to build a city on this place. The name Tbilisi comes from the Georgian word "tbili" meaning "warm", because

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