Topics: Nazi Germany, Nazism, Nazi Party Pages: 9 (3331 words) Published: June 18, 2013
The NAZIs gave particularly attention to education and control of the German educational system. They were well awarethat it would be difficult to convert many adults and only aminority of Germand had ever voted for the NAZIs in democratic elections. The childrn were a different matter. They were thus determined to mold the new generation to accept NAZI pinciples. As the leader of the NAZI Teacher's League, Hans Schemm, put it: "Those who have the youth on their side control the future." As a result, after the NAZIs seized power in 1933, they quickly began applying totalitarian principles to all aspects of the German education system. Private schools were taken over or closed. Great emphasis was attached on racial "science", often termed "racial hygine", in NAZI education and this was quickly introduced into the curiculum. NAZI idelogy and physical-military training became other important aspects of the school program. Many teachers embraced the new Germany, but others were fired or left teaching. It is difficult to assess the relative importance of the two groups. It is known that many teachers were fired or replaced with political hacks during 1933-35, but HBC has no details on the numbers. Some of the best educators fled abroad. The quality of German education, once the leading system in Europe, declined. Again, however, it is difficult to assess this in quantative terms. NAZI World ViewThe NAZI worldview served as central focus of education during the Third Reich. It serves to justify actions of the regime which would have been rejected by most Germans before the NAZIs seized power. The central concept was concept was racial superiority which was mixed with xenephobic nationalism. The NAZI concept of a ‘national community’ included a fusion of race and country. The other key principle was leadership by a strong leader and the rejectioin of democracy and civil liberties. The NAZI world view was expressed in the slogan: "Ein Reich, Ein Volk, Ein Führer". Hitler wrote at length on education in Mein Kampf. For Hitler the "highest task" of education was to preservae, care and develop the best racial elements. Education was to be used as a form of social selection. The best racial elements would be advanced and serve to form the leadership for a the new generation of Germans. It was thus of critical importance to make Aryan children aware of racial differences. The NAZIs sought to show children that some groups were part of the ‘national community’ and others were not. Hitler wrote, "“No boy and no girl must leave school without having been led to an ultimate realization of the necessity and essence of blood purity.” [Hitler] GoalThe NAZI's inherited one of the finest education systemns in Europe with a strong tradition of personal development through educational achievenehnt. The NAZIs fundamentally changed this concept. The purpose of education was no longer personal development, but to prepare the individual for service to the state. Although Hitler did not tell this to the German people, he was well aware that the achievement of his goals would mean war. Thus the NAZI education system was designed to prepare a generation of German youth that was equipped for military serb=vice and ideologically prepared to make the needed sacrifices. Minister of EducationAfter the NAZIs seized power in 1933, Hitler appointed Bernhard Rust as Minister of Science, Art, and Education for Prussia and in 1934 Reichsminister für Wissenschaft, Erziehung und Volksbildung (Reich Minister for Science, Education and Popular Culture). Rust was a former schoolteacher who had been fired for molesting a pupil. Rust upon his appointment immediately set about building a NAZI education system. Teachers who had criticized the NAZIs as well as Jewish teachers were summarily dismissed. All remaining teachers were subjected to a month of intensive training in National Socialist principles. NAZI officials reviewed textbooks for suitability and commissioned the...
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