Karma

Topics: Buddhism, Sanskrit, Karma Pages: 2 (597 words) Published: February 6, 2014
Karma (Sanskrit: कर्म; IPA: [ˈkarmə] ( listen); Pali: kamma) means action, work or deed;[1] it also refers to the principle of causality where intent and actions of an individual influence the future of that individual.[2] Good intent and good deed contribute to good karma and future happiness, while bad intent and bad deed contribute to bad karma and future suffering.[3][4] Karma is closely associated with the idea of rebirth in some schools of Asian religions.[5] In these schools, karma in the present affects one’s future in the current life, as well as the nature and quality of future lives - or, one’s saṃsāra.[6] Etymology

Karma as kárman a neuter n-stem, nominative kárma कर्म  from the root √kṛ कृ, means “to do, make, perform, accomplish, cause, effect, prepare, undertake”.[11][12] The root kṛ (kri) is very common in ancient Sanskrit literature, and it is relied upon to explain ideas in Rigveda, other Vedas, Upanishads, Puranas, the Epics of Hinduism.[11][13] The root “kri” also appears in the word Sanskrit, to imply a language that is “well made”. The word Kárman itself appears in Rigveda, for example at 10.22.8;[14] as does the word karma.[6] Karma is related to verbal proto-Indo-European root *kwer- "to make, form".[15] Definition and meanings

Karma is the executed "deed", "work", "action", or "act", and it is also the "object", the "intent". Halbfass[3] explains karma (Karman) by contrasting it with another Sanskrit word kriya. The word kriya is the activity along with the steps and effort in action, while karma is (1) the executed action as a consequence of that activity, as well as (2) the intention of the actor behind an executed action or a planned action (described by some scholars[16] as metaphysical residue left in the actor). A good action creates good karma, as does good intent. A bad action creates bad karma, as does bad intent.[3] Karma, also refers to a conceptual principle that originated in India, often descriptively called the...
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