Karen Horney

Topics: Karen Horney, Psychoanalysis, Neurosis Pages: 60 (2108 words) Published: April 25, 2015
KAREN HORNEY




STRUCTURE




She didn’t
presented a clear
structure

Del Rosario, Camille Joy

KAREN DANIELSEN HORNEY
• Introduction to
Psychoanalytic Social
Theory
Horney and Freud Compared
- The Impact of Culture
- The Importance of
Childhood Experiences
• Basic Hostility and
Basic Anxiety
Del Rosario, Camille Joy

Horney and Freud Compared
Horney criticized Freud’s theories on
several accounts:
1.She cautioned that strict adherence to
psychoanalysis.
2.She objected to Freud’s ideas on
Feminine Psychology.
3.She stressed the view that
psychoanalysis should move beyond
instinct theory and emphasize the
cultural influences in shaping
Del Rosario, Camille Joy
personality.

“Man is ruled not by the pleasure principle alone but
by two guiding principles:”(Horney,1939, p.73).

Del Rosario, Camille Joy

Neuroses / Neurosis


It is person’s “attempt to find paths through a
wilderness full of unknown dangers”.



Mild personality disorder.

Created
by
society
Del Rosario, Camille Joy

Generally
characterized
Anxiety








Hysteria
Phobias
Obsessive- Compulsive reaction
Depression
Chronic fatigue
Hypochondriacal reactions

Del Rosario, Camille Joy

The Impact of Culture




Cultural Influences
- is the primary bases for:
a. neurotic personality development
b. normal personality development
Modern Culture is based on Competition among
Individuals.

“EVERYONE IS A REAL OR POTENTIAL COMPETITOR
OF EVERYONE ELSE”.

Del Rosario, Camille Joy

PROCESS




COMPETITIVENESS & BASIC HOSTILITY
ISOLATION
NEED FOR AFFECTION
PEOPLE OVER VALUE LOVE
SEE LOVE & AFFECTION AS SOLUTION FOR
PROBLEMS

Del Rosario, Camille Joy

Desperate need for
love


Provides a fertile ground for development of
neuroses.

Del Rosario, Camille Joy

The Importance of Childhood Experience




Childhood
- age from which the vast majority of
problems arise.
Traumatic Events:
a. sexual abuse
b. beatings
c. open rejection
d. pervasive neglect

Del Rosario, Camille Joy

Early Childhood Experiences




Plays a leading role in shaping human
personality, either neurotic or healthy.
Early Childhood Traumas are important.
Social forces rather than Biological forces
are paramount in personality
development.

Del Rosario, Camille Joy

Difficult Childhood




Primarily responsible for neurotic needs.
The more helpless children feels, the less they
dare to oppose or rebel against their parents.
The totality of Early
relationships molds
personality
development.

Del Rosario, Camille Joy

Basic Hostility and Basic Anxiety


“EACH PERSON BEGIN LIFE WITH THE POTENTIAL
FOR HEALTHY DEVELOPMENT”.

but people need favorable conditions for growth
(Warm and Loving Environment yet one that not
overtly permissive).

Del Rosario, Camille Joy

Genuine Love and Healthy Discipline




Children need to experience both Genuine Love
and Healthy Discipline.
It provides them feelings of safety and
satisfaction.
Permit them to grow accordance with their real
self.

Del Rosario, Camille Joy

Unfortunately
Parent’s inability or unwillingness to
love their children they often:
-Dominate
-Neglect
-Overprotect
-Reject or over indulge
their child.

Del Rosario, Camille Joy

Basic Hostility
Repressed feelings of rage that originate
during childhood when children fear that
their parents will not satisfy their needs for
safety and satisfaction.
Repressed Hostility
- leads to profound feelings of insecurity
and vague sense of apprehension
- guilt is another reason that child repress
hostility.


Del Rosario, Camille Joy

Basic Anxiety






Feelings of Isolation and helplessness in a
potentially hostile world.
Feeling of being small, insignificant, helpless,
deserted, endangered in a world that is out to
abuse, cheat, attack, humiliate,...
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