Kant Vs Rousseau

Good Essays
There are two political theories that I combined and will implement if I were to be placed as the highest-ranking official of the country. These are the theories of Immanuel Kant and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. I chose to unite the two theories because both of them, as I was reading through its contents, had the biggest impact on me than all the other theories I researched for. The joined theories would build up my ideal state as a leader of the country so that I may be able to take the people to a better state of life, in my innocent opinion as part of this country’s youth.

First, allow me to discuss to you Immanuel Kant’s political philosophy. His approach to politics favored classical republicanism. The doctrine of Rechtsstaat is Kant’s biggest
…show more content…
It is a legal maxim that suggests that governmental decisions be made by applying known legal principles. Aristotle one quoted, “Law should govern”. It implies that every citizen is subject to the law. It stands in contrast to the idea that a ruler is above the law, for example by divine right.

Going back to Immanuel Kant’s philosophy, he also supported the separation of powers of the executive, legislative and judicative branches of government. The executive and the judicative are bound by law, while the legislative is bound by constitutional principles. Rechtsstaat also requires transparency of state acts and the requirement of providing a reason for all state acts. The doctrine also demands for a hierarchy of laws and the requirement of clarity and
…show more content…
In a country where a wealthy minority indulged themselves while hundreds of thousands suffered from severe poverty and inflation, people yearned for a basic equality, natural or government ordained. Many felt that if the general will (or the will of the people) was for change, that the current government was expected to make compromises. The First Estate of the French government was against these changes, the Second Estate was to some extent and later cast its lot in with the Third Estate. Later the idea of a utopian government changed to 'the will of the people' (although how successful this was carried out can be debated, in both France and the U.S.) Maximillien Robespierre, who played an important part in the middle to later events in the Revolution and was one of the architects of the Terror, was deeply influenced in his youth by Rousseau's

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Best Essays

    Political Theory

    • 4072 Words
    • 11 Pages

    A comparative analysis of Thomas Hobbes and Jean Bodin, and their concept of the church and state during the 16th, 17th century Department of Sociology and Political Science Spring 2015 Introduction While approaching the writings of major philosophical figures in the 16th century and the 17th century there emerges several weaknesses in addition to their political thought in their time. In his work, The Foundations of Modern Political Thought, Quentin Skinner’s emphasises the ‘textualist’…

    • 4072 Words
    • 11 Pages
    Best Essays
  • Good Essays

    Political theory

    • 1059 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Anthony Spencer Professor Robinson Political Theory Thought Piece three For a human to lead a truly free life, they must dissolve all ties to civil and social existence and live as an individual. Once you enter into society you give up your right to freedom in exchange for protection from the sovereign state. In doing so you have chosen to be bound by society and it’s government. That interference in the individual’s day-to-day life should be limited in an ideal state, for too much would be a…

    • 1059 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Political Theories

    • 2185 Words
    • 9 Pages

    olitical throries Machiavelli emphasized the need for realism, as opposed to idealism. In The Prince he does not explain what he thinks the best ethical or political goals are, except the control of one's own fortune, as opposed to waiting to see what chance brings. Machiavelli took it for granted that would-be leaders naturally aim at glory or honor. He associated these goals with a need for "virtue" and "prudence" in a leader, and saw such virtues as essential to good politics and indeed the common…

    • 2185 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Political Theory

    • 725 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Throughout our exploration of contemporary political theory we have attempted to seek an understanding of the American Experience by studying relationships. Our findings continue to show us a major disconnect that festers between American ideology, social institutions and our citizens. American thought, rooted in concepts of fear, revenge and isolation have bred a culture of disengagement from one’s surroundings. This disengagement from reality, referred to as innocence by James Baldwin is illuminated…

    • 725 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    In the world of today, there are four main theories of political power. Each one is a specific belief of who actually controls the government. They are the Marxist Theories, The Power Elite, the Bureaucratic Theory, and the Pluralist Theory. In the first theory, the Marxist Theory, it is believed that the large corporations control or influence what happens in the government. This ideology is based on the writings of Carl Marx, but there are many different versions or Marxism, all arguing on the…

    • 334 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    morality should be considered in politics I believe that morality should not be considered with political thought. The reason why I think that morality has a place in political thoughts, is simply because your thoughts on something whether it be considered political or not, might be completely different than another person's morals. I feel like the concept of morality should not be involved in political thought, because I feel like no decisions would ever be made, because everyone has a different…

    • 971 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    POLITICAL SCIENCE (SYLLABUS) PAPER I : POLITICAL THEORY SCOPE OF POLITICAL THEORY: Aristotle – father of political science Political theory covers a very wide scope. Its scope can be base reflected through the following four streams of political theory. (i) Classical political theory – political theory its classical form is related to Greece in the writings of Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. Its traits include :- (a)its aim was to acquired reliable knowledge about matters related to pupil…

    • 5271 Words
    • 22 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Discuss one cause of war for each level of analysis (structural-systemic, state, and individual). From time immemorial human beings have sought to find a logical way to explain the causes of the tragedy of war. Political theorists have provided researchers with an important tool—the levels of analysis. Attributed to Waltz, the levels of analysis are an analytical tool to simplify and more thoroughly understand the workings of the causes of war. The levels are: structural systemic, state, and…

    • 1487 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Political Theory and Gatsby In his article "'A New World, Material Without Being Real': Fitzgerald's Critique of Capitalism in The Great Gatsby," Ross Posnock establishes Fitzgerald's interest in Marxism by placing him as a Nietzschean Marxist and contemporizing him with Georg Lukacs's History and Class Consciousness, printed in 1923, and with Marx's theories by extension, attempting to "demonstrate how deeply Marx's critique is assimilated into the novel's imaginative life," although he is careful…

    • 1316 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Modernization Theory and Political Development There are varying conceptions of development. As a result, there are different approaches to the topic. However, all the approaches are concerned with the relationship between governance and development (Huntington 387). Development is normally perceived as being crucially determined by structures of governance whereas governance is interpreted through and molded by the objective of development. The role of modernization theory in political development…

    • 1184 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays