Future of policing paper
September 14, 2014
Future of policing paper
This paper will focus on the current trends that affect policing in the twenty-first century. I will also take a look at any anticipated critical issues that may arise within policing in the future and address some changes that may need to take place in order to correctly address the issues. American policing has developed and grown into an enormous operation since the 1800s, when our current method of policing was first developed. Policing for America began with the colonist bringing the rural community police methods that observed the scattered parishes, and while under this type of configuration one man from that specific county was responsible for serving a term of one-year as constable. During that time policing worked well but as towns became more colonized and the blossom of prosperity resulted into illegal wrongdoing. Even though, American policing was configured as a quasi-military with the task to prevent crime and being conspicuous while on patrol was an pure imitation of London’s contemporary policing, the organization of government control over the police force was different from London’s patrol the United States were self-govern and with this policing became more time-consuming, dangerous, and less attractive (Walker, S., & Katz, C.M. 2011). One of the trends that is currently affecting policing is demographic changes in population. The land of the free have allured illegal immigrants from other countries to enter the United States and their territories without having the proper documentation and once they establish residency within our borders they become our countries problem, if the break any of our laws they are still held responsible as is an American citizen. Over the years there has been a reposition of demographic changes in the Hispanic and Latino population that have caused major issues with law enforcement (Grant H.B., & Terry, K. J. 2008). When it comes to illegal immigrants the language barrier is one of the major issues, since they cannot communicate effectively in the English language it leaves to much room for error, and misunderstanding. Since English is the official language there are several obstacles for those who immigrate her and do not know English, which brings on difficulties for law enforcement. For example when a police officer is dispatched through the 911 computer system, and the person who they are trying to help does not speak English, it basically hinders the E.M.T.s from being able to determine what the actual emergency is. (Grant, H.B., & Terry, K.J. 2008). The second trend currently affecting policing would be the constant worldwide threat of terrorism, prior to the September 11, 2001 attacks there were not any foreseeable concerns amongst the citizens of America when it came to global terrorism. The security of the United States was shown to be serious lacking, and we were laughed at. This made our government officials change our policies and regulations in regards to our nation’s security. Therefore, after the attacks major changes had to be implemented throughout the law enforcement agencies local, states, and federal levels had to incorporate better communication tools within the law enforcement agencies to focus on not just local crimes but global crimes, having a better understanding of surveillance in the communities, be familiar with the infrastructure, and extend investigative knowledge when probing into suspicious radical activities, enforcing the national laws on illegal immigration, and preparation of possible acts of weapons of mass destruction ( Department of Homeland Security Website). Since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the future of law enforcement gives the impression that they will be able to move forward leading this nation in an accomplished and strategic manner. I foresee that all law enforcement agencies will...
References: Grant, H.B., & Terry, K.J. (2008). Law enforcement in the 21st century (2nd ed). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall.
Walker, S., & Katz, C. M. (2011). The police in America: An introduction (7th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
Department of Homeland Security: retrieved from: http://dhs.gov
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